Much debate and controversy has ensued regarding the contentious and subjective definition, diagnosis, measurement and treatment of desire problems for both men and women as various editions of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) have been published (DSM V edition). Despite the recent changes for women, the fact that the criteria for men remains the same, reflects a huge paucity in understanding how male sexual desire varies; how ‘lower’ desire manifests, how it is diagnosed and subsequently managed (Bitzer, Giraldi, Pfauss 2013).
Objective: Many patients with female sexual dysfunction (FSD), receive sex therapy wishing to become pregnant through the natural sexual process. However, as many Japanese women in the recent times, tend to postpone their marriage to later years, the potential for FSD subjects to get pregnant through effective sex therapy faces numerous challenges. The author considered the ways in which they may decide on the therapy under these circumstances.
Sexual desire in men has not received the same attention as female low sexual desire, and the prevalence remains uncertain. It is likely to be higher than currently recognized as anxiety, shame or embarrassment may make it more difficult for men to seek professional help. Female sexual desire has received much attention from the media and has been extensively researched, but very little has been done with male sexual desire. Compared to the published scientific literature on low sexual desire in women, very little has been written in parallel experience with men. (Brotto L.A. 2010).
Human beings have become so false and alienated from themselves and existence so divided that we rarely engage in truly connected dialogues. Dreams and personal experiences remain unheard, unshared and virtual reality becomes the depository of projected intellectual fantasies.
The role of intimacy in the sexual experience and behaviour of men and women living in steady relationships is considered important in several theoretical accounts (e.g., (Schnarch, 1991), specifically in models of female sexual functioning (Basson, 2000), indicating an important role of gender in this respect. Empirical research into the causal and directional association of partners’ experienced levels of emotional intimacy and their sexual activity (both partnered and individual) is scarce. Therefore, it is unclear whether intimacy and sexual activity function as a cause or as an effect within this association. A circular process can also be hypothesized to exist here. Studies on intimacy and sexual behaviour have thus far been either cross-sectional or experimental.
Epidemiological studies on sexual dysfunction revealed that lack of sexual desire in women is a salient problem across nations. Both medical and psychological interventions have been developed to address the problem, yet well-established treatment has not been achieved. Besides, it is important to know women’s voice on the meaning of sexual desire for themselves as a ground for developing interventions to alleviate lack of sexual desire problem in women.
The protracted violent conflict in Colombia has resulted in the internal displacement of over 4.3 million people (lDMC, 2008) and the enlistment of 11 ,000 to 14,000 children into one of the guerrilla or paramilitary groups. Children in rural and marginalized areas of Colombia are often targeted by armed groups for recruitment or social cleansing, which is the killing of youth for not abiding by imposed community rules (Watchlist, February 2004). ln addition to the violence, displaced children face numerous challenges including discrimination, separation from or loss of family members, abuse, and other psychosocial issues.
My presentation is in three parts. In the first I introduce myself and my work. In the second I present a vignette set during apartheid. It is a story from 1970, taken from the first interview
HIV stigma and discrimination is well recognised as a global systemic barrier to effective HIV prevention, testing, treatment and care. Almost all PLHIV have a personal story of how stigma has discounted, constrained and impaired their full participation in civil society.