Dr. Fran Gale is Research Fellow in the Social Justice Social Change Research Centre, at the University of Western Sydney. She is a political scientist and social worker who teaches mainly in the areas of ideologies, social policy, as well as critical theory and practice, in the School of Applied Social and Human Sciences. One focus of her work is with marginalized young people from diverse and often traumatized populations. Most recently this has included youth and community development work in East Timor and work with young asylum seekers. Her work with Natalie Bolzan, includes research exploring women's spirituality and social justice, and also, research around young people's spirituality with reference to their civic involvement and social inclusion. Fran researches and writes in the areas of civic connectedness and marginalized groups, the theory / practice nexus particularly socio-political theories and practices, human rights, and, spirituality and social justice. Articles in international refereed journals Gale, F., and Bolzan, N. ‘Young People, Social Capital and Mental Health’, Communities, Children and Families Australia, July, 2008. Gale, F., and Bolzan, N. ‘Women, Spirituality and Social Justice in an Age of Economic Rationalism’, Women in Welfare Education, No 8, November, 2006. Bolzan, N., Gale, F. and Skelton, L. ‘Young People’s Voices as Oppositional Narratives’ Scottish Journal of Youth Issues, No 8, Summer, pp11-26, 2004. Bolzan, N., Gale, F. and Dudley, M. ‘Time To Father’, Journal of Social Work in Health Care, Vol 39, Issue 2, pp 67-88, 2004 (re-printed see above in ‘Books’). Rankin, G. and Gale, F. ‘Keep Them In the Dark’ Capitalism, Nature, Socialism: Journal of Socialist Ecology, Vol.14, No.2, September 51-59, 2003. Gale, F., and Rankin, G. ‘To Know or Not to Know: Psychic Numbing and Australia's New Nuclear Reactor’, Network (Journal of the Australian Psychological Society College of Community Psychologists), Vol. 13, No.1, May pp 34-41, 2002. Dudley, M., and Gale, F. ‘Psychiatrists as a Moral Community? Psychiatry Under the Nazis and its Contemporary Relevance’, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, Vol. 36, No. 5, October, pp585-595, 2002. Bolzan, N and Gale, F. ‘The Citizenship of Excluded Groups: Challenging the Consumerist Agenda’, Social Policy and Administration, Vol. 36, No. 4, August, pp. 363-376, 2002. Mares, S., Newman, L., Dudley, M and Gale, F., ‘Seeking Refuge, Losing Hope: Parents and Children in Immigration Detention’, Australasian Psychiatry, Vol. 10. No. 2, June 2002, pp. 91-97. Gale, F. ‘Illusions of Choice: Consumerism and Citizenship in Older Age’. Proceedings of the 2000 Australasian Political Studies Association Conference. ISBN no 0731552113. November, 2000. Gale, F. 'Informal Networks and Trade Union Participation of NESB and Australian-born Women,' Labour and Industry, November, Vol.5, No.3, pp. 125-136, 1994. Gale, F. 'Constraints on the Participation of Women from NESB and Australian-born Women in Trade Unions', Australian Journal of Social Issues, Vol. 28, No.4, 1993, pp. 285-295, . Gale, F. 'A Comfortable Kind of Union?', Australian Quarterly, No 62, pp. 15 – 20, 1990. Books Gale, F., Bolzan, N., Wilcox, K and McCrae- McMahon, D (eds) Spirited Practices: Spirituality and the Helping Professions, Allen and Unwin, Sydney 2007. Dudley, M., Silove, D. and Gale, F (eds) Human Rights and Mental Health (forthcoming 2008) Oxford University Press, Oxford UK. Book Chapters Gale, F. ‘Spiritually Sensitive Helping Practices’, Introduction, in Gale, F., Bolzan, N., and McCrae- McMahon, D (eds) Spirited Practices: Spirituality and the Helping Professions, Allen and Unwin, Sydney, July 2007. Bolzan, N and Gale, F. ‘To make an end is to make a beginning; the end is where we start from….’ Conclusion, in Gale, F., Bolzan, N., and McCrae- McMahon, D (eds) Spirited Practices: Spirituality and the Helping Professions, Allen and Unwin, July 2007. Gale. F. and Bolzan, N. ‘The writing Graffiti’s on the wall’ in R.Leonard (ed) A Fair Go: Some Issues of Social Justice in Australia, Common Ground Press, 2004. Gale, F., and Dudley, M, ‘No Flowers in Australia’ in Bolzan, N, Darcy M and Mason J (eds) Fenced Out, Fenced In: Border Protection, Asylum and Detention in Australia, Common Ground Press, 2006. Bolzan, N., Gale, F. and Dudley, M., ‘Time To Father’, in Social Work Visions from Around the Globe: Citizens, Methods, and Approaches, Metteri, A., Kroger,T., Pohjola, A., Rauhala, P., (eds) Hawthorn Press, 2004. Other Bolzan, N., and Gale, F. ‘A Child Friendly Society’, in Visions of a Child Friendly Society Suzanna Roffey (ed), NAPCAN, Sydney, December 2005. Dudley, M., Mares, S., Newman, L., Steel, Z., Blick, B., Roy, K. and Gale, F. ‘Behind The Wire: Children in Immigration Detention’ Newsletter of the National Rural Health Alliance, September, 2003. Gale, F., 'They Gave Us Raincoats Instead: Women at Work in Australia', In God's Image, Vol. 13, No.2, Summer, 1994.