The present study compared levels of body dissatisfaction, and disordered eating symptomatology among elite, recreational, and non-competitive female Australian athletes (N = 320) aged 17 to 30 years competing in leanness focused sports (e.g., Ballet, light weight rowing, long distance running) and non-leanness focused sports (e.g., netball, football, rugby).
Results revealed that athletes from leanness focused sports and elite athletes reported higher levels of body dissatisfaction, higher levels of perfectionism, and reported greater disordered eating symptomatology. Results also indicated that athletes experienced differences in their perceptions of current figures, ideal figures, sport ideal figures, and differences between levels of body dissatisfaction in social and sporting contexts.
Body dissatisfaction and perfectionism were significant predictors of eating attitudes regardless of sport type or participation level. The findings are discussed in terms of implications for identifying risk factors for eating disorders among female athletes who compete at different sport levels and sporting environments.
As the benefits of positive parenting programs become more apparent, there is increasing calls for such programs to be more widely available in the community. Poor reach of existing programs, low father
The transition to the ‘third wave’ behaviour therapies will be explored mainly with respect to Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). A broad review and commentary on the current research
D-Cycloserine (DCS) is a cognitive enhancing medication believed to “consolidate” fear extinction learning into memory during exposure therapy. This paper examines whether DCS could augment extinction of a specific fear in children. We conducted a double-blind placebo-controlled Randomized Controlled Trial to investigate whether 50mg of DCS can enhance fear extinction of a dog or spider phobia. Thus far, we have recruited 17 children (M age = 9.4 years) who ingested DCS or a placebo prior to receiving a massed session of in vivo exposure. Avoidance was measured using a standardized ten-step Behaviour Approach Tests (BAT), where successive steps increased proximity to the feared stimulus. BATs were conducted at pretreatment, immediately post-treatment and on follow-up one week later to measure return of fear.
Providing psychotherapy can be extremely rewarding but can also make a range of different demands on the therapist. These demands may vary as a function of the stage of development as a therapist, the type of caseload, the context in which the therapist works, the volume of work, and the interactions with other situations or events that may be happening elsewhere in the therapist’s professional and personal life. Supervision can have a range of functions, but one important function is supporting the therapist. Effective supervision is thought to be a key contributor to ensuring not only safe and effective therapy but also to maintaining resourceful and resilient therapists. While other forms of psychotherapy have well established models and traditions of supervision, CBT is relatively lacking in these areas and there is relatively little literature to guide CBT supervision, especially in contrast to the vast literatures that exist for cognitive behaviour therapy.
The field of e-psychology is rapidly expanding, with new Internet and phone-based programs regularly becoming available for an increasing variety of mental health issues. There is a strong evidence base supporting Internet delivered psychological interventions, but less is known about particular program components or patterns of usage that are most impactful and thus associated with better outcomes.
The aim was to investigate the contributions of intrapersonal and interpersonal processes to eating disorders symptomatology in anorexia nervosa. Thematic analysis was used to investigate the interpersonal experiences of adolescent girls during inpatient treatment of anorexia nervosa. In a quantitative study, findings from the qualitative study informed hypotheses, development of items for a self-report questionnaire and selection of validated questionnaires to assess eating disorders symptomatology, perfectionism and aspects of interpersonal functioning in women with anorexia nervosa and non-clinical female comparisons.
Medically-unexplained fatigue states are prevalent and often disabling in the general population. These include chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) and post-cancer fatigue (PCF). These syndromes are characterised by debilitating fatigue, neurocognitive difficulties, muscle pain as well as sleep -wake cycle and mood disturbance. A growing evidence base suggests that a multi-disciplinary intervention incorporating cognitive -behavioural therapy (CBT), activity pacing, and graded exercise therapy (GET) provides the most promising current treatment for reducing symptoms and improving functional status.