Despite a negative history between researchers and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander communities in Australia collaborative research is occurring within the Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Sector (ACCHS) and is continually evolving. The ACCHS sector is the largest single provider of primary health care to Aboriginal people. In 2008 over 344,000 unique patients attended ACCHS and over 1.85milion episodes of care occurred within the sector. Like many other health indicators in Indigenous health there is significant disparity between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non Indigenous people in almost all areas of STI and BBV.
The Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Health Program at the Kirby Institute has established a program in partnership with the National Aboriginal Community Controlled Health Organisation. The research is informed and embedded in Aboriginal community control philosophy and practice: firstly as an Aboriginal-led program, secondly by engaging Aboriginal community controlled organisations as equal partners, thirdly by ensuring research projects are embedded in service delivery and have potential to influence positive changes in population health, and finally ensuring that capacity is built within the sector for each and every research project.
The Program has worked towards initiating a number of large-scale research studies in the Aboriginal Community Controlled health sector in Australia. Over 50 ACCHS are involved in projects that aim to improve sexual health and BBV service delivery using quality improvement frameworks. Other projects include clinical audits of hepatitis B positive patients, evaluations of service delivery, projects focused on antenatal care, chlamydia testing and treatment as well as projects addressing young men. Preliminary results arising from these projects will be provided.
A critical element of working with local communities is transferring control of the research from an academic to the community setting. Projects undertaken by the program have progressively moved towards a model of community participation and control of research design and output.
Over the past 20-30 years, the Premature Ejaculation (PE) treatment paradigm, previously limited to behavioural psychotherapy, has expanded to include drug treatment. Animal and human sexual psychopharmacological studies have demonstrated that serotonin and 5-HT receptors are involved in ejaculation and confirm a role for SSRIs in the treatment of PE. Multiple well-controlled evidence-based studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of SSRIs in delaying ejaculation, confirming their role as first-line agents for the medical treatment of lifelong and acquired PE. Daily dosing of SSRIs is associated with superior fold increases in IELT compared to on-demand SSRIs.
Despite high rates of screening and treatment in many remote Indigenous communities in Australia, diagnosis rates for sexually transmitted infections (STI), chlamydia and gonorrhoea in particular, remain alarmingly high. One contributing factor may be the high rate of temporary mobility for residents of remote communities. We use mathematical modelling to explore the impact of mobility on STI transmission within remote communities.
In 2006 two new innovative features were added to the WhyTest website; the ‘Tell them’ service allowing visitors to forward anonymous e-postcard or short message services (SMS) to sexual partners who may have been exposed to an STI, and the ‘remind me’ service allowing visitors to register for a 3, 6 or 12 monthly SMS reminder for a sexual health check. We describe the usage of the new website functionality, and recognition of a health promotion campaign conducted in January-June 2007 to promote these new features.
This symposium presentation will discuss conceptual approaches to how processes underway to develop the Australian Curriculum might link to improved sexual health outcomes. It will also explore the assumptions underpinning the ‘partnership’ between health and education sectors to uncover both the opportunities and the pitfalls for those who want to promote young people’s learning.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) induced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a unique subtype of oropharyngeal cancer. It has a significantly better prognosis than that caused by tobacco and/ or alcohol. The incidence of HPV related oropharyngeal cancer is raising in the western countries.
ACCEPt is a multi-state cluster randomised trial that aims to increase annual chlamydia testing in 16-29 year olds attending general practice. 54 postcodes (80% in rural areas) are being randomised to a multi-faceted intervention and GP clinics within each postcode enrolled. The primary outcome is change in chlamydia prevalence, and a prevalence study is being conducted at the beginning and end of the trial. We report on the findings of the baseline prevalence study.
Surgery for gender dysphoria was not routinely available prior to the 80’s, surgery and psychiatry having had an unhappy liaison. While gender dysphoria is DSM classified it’s not because it is deemed to be an illness, rather than to give guidelines as to establishing a diagnosis, and surgery is now deemed to be an appropriate activity.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent