Survivors of the Nazi Holocaust suffered severe and extensive trauma both psychologically and physically as a result of their almost indescribable experiences in the Nazi system. This included incarceration in concentration camps, death camps, in ghettos, in hiding and in various forced labour situations during which they were constantly in fear of their lives. Dr Foster will describe some of the special symptomatology as described by holocaust survivors and some treatment options. A special category of survivors, child survivors, suffered particular problems both as a result of having been passed on to non-Jewish neighbours and thus abandoned by their parents so they would not be murdered, and in many cases never seeing their family again. The psychological problems they have experienced will be briefly described in this presentation.
Ageing has brought particular tribulations for survivors and their families. For the Holocaust survivor patient, the stress of hospitalisation can and does induce cues associated with severe past traumas as reminiscent of the concentration camp experience and ghetto life, and reactivation of memories of life threatening events may be triggered by illness or injury. This may affect the course of their illness, treatment, recovery and adjustment. Their children may also have vulerabilities related to their parent’s past, for example, a strong need to protect against pain. Dr Foster’s presentation will describe these difficulties in greater detail particularly as they have origins in the trauma these people suffered during the formative years as young adults.
Evidence suggests that even basic information about trauma related symptoms and issues can help traumatised people to understand their traumatic experiences and to make sense of their symptoms. How the clients react to the intrusions depends on how they view the nature of these symptoms. This lecture defines psychoeducation and explains the use of techniques in clarifying and reframing that can assist clients to correct their misconceptions about trauma symptoms and disorders. It is important for clients to understand that people who suffer PTSD often re-experience the traumatic events through intrusive thoughts and ideation, through dreams as traumatic nightmares, and sometimes even through flashbacks.
This paper focuses on the consequences of torture and war in different populations and deals with the new strategies implemented by the NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (www.STARTTS.org.au) to overcome trauma related psychological symptoms of Complex Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (C-PTSD). This presentation aims to emphasis Neurofeedback as one of the approaches of STARTTS’ Bio-Psycho-Social Model in order to strengthen clients’ capacities making them more sustainable to deal with complex PTSD, by regulating the clients’ nervous system.
The trauma, shock and suffering experienced through the recent acts of terrorism, such as September 11th and the subsequent ‘War on Terror’, has had an enomorous psychosocial impact on Muslims resettling in Australia. Many have experienced re-traumatisation accompanied by severe posttraumatic symptoms, grief and loss reactions, anger, resentment, survivor guilt, anxiety and depression. However, the situation has become further complicated through the association of terrorism with Islam and being Muslim It has become common to hear reports of stigmatization, fear, rejection, harassment and discrimination experienced by Muslims.
The aim of the presentation is to highlight importance as well as complexity of the psychological assessment of torture and trauma survivors treated at the NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS). STRATTS’ clients have experienced multiple traumas; being severely maltreated and persecuted. They face difficulties on the individual, family, community and society levels, suffering from chronic general health conditions and dealing with severe psychological symptoms.
This paper is based on 18 years of field experience in Asia, Africa, and Australia, researching the rape and sexual abuse of refugee and IDP women and girls in conflict situations, camps and urban refugee settings. These actions are often based on notions of depriving women of “honour” and thus shaming individuals, families and communities. In some cases it is used as a form of ethnic cleansing.
This lecture presents a case study using a psychodynamic model for therapeutic work with a refugee child from Iraq. The model draws on parent and teacher interviews, transference and counter-transference phenomena, and play behaviour to formulate a hypothesis about the causes of the child’s anxieties. Importantly, the value of play and playfulness is emphasised throughout therapy.
Schools are in an excellent position to support children, young people and families of refugee background in their resettlement and recovery from trauma.VFST prioritises supporting schools through the