This presentation reviews the major neurobiological systems that are perturbed in PSTD. These include the fear network, default mode network, sympathetic HPA axis, the arousal/activation systems of the brainstem and the salience/attention networks of the limbic-cortical system. Each of these networks plays a specific role in PTSD symptomatology, contributing to its complex and disturbing phenomenology. The talk reviews how quantitative EEG can provide insight into the functioning of these systems, and can be used with other profile measures in designing treatment protocols. There will be a brief review of the different neurotherapeutic approaches that can assist in this regard as part of the treatment mix, with examples.
Regardless of the kind of therapy we practice, the primary treatment goal with those who have suffered developmental trauma is affect regulation. Neurofeedback can teach brains how to quiet their own limbic eruptions and ease the pulses of fear, shame and rage that overtake these patients. Developmental trauma is, however, a relational disorder. At its core is the profound experience of motherlessness. This cannot be addressed by neurofeedback alone. With understanding, skill and neurofeedback, psychotherapists can begin to provide an experience of regulation that these patients have not had and with that an experience of having been mothered. This workshop will focus on what the therapist treating developmental trauma must know about the interplay of affect regulation and motherlessness, how neurofeedback can affect the therapy relationship for both patient and therapist and what to anticipate in the therapeutic relationship as you begin to quiet affect. We will touch on the latest developments in the neuroscience of trauma to better understand well- tested and newer protocols for those suffering the aftermath of developmental trauma.
This presentation will look at the lifeline of alpha theta training from birth to its current status. From the Menninger Clinic to the prevailing and varying approaches by Bill Scott, Tato Sokhadze,
EEG Neurofeedback Training (NFT) is a non-invasive neurophysiological technique, aimed at facilitating learned self-regulation of electrical activity of the brain. Beyond research into clinical applications of neurofeedback, a relative surge of interest into the methodology has led to attempts to apply EEG neurofeedback as a means to facilitate performance enhancement among non-clinical populations. One such domain is the enhancement of athletic performance and motor function. While significant attempts have been undertaken to investigate outcomes of sensori-motor rhythm (12-15Hz) modulation on aspects of motor performance, research exploring behavioural outcomes of EEG-NFT targeting the beta frequencies (15-20Hz) appear scarce.
There have been extraordinary gains in understanding brain dynamics in the last decade. Quantitative EEG and FMRI connectivity studies have done much to better characterise the neural networks that underpin consciousness, as well as different psychopathological states. These demonstrated abnormalities encourage contemplation of the possible therapeutic interventions that may assist in normalising brain function. The literature about the positive benefits of intervention often is based on case series highlighting substantial improvement. However, high quality trials and even the meta analyses of the most investigated disorder, ADHD, have tended to fail to provide the necessary empirical support, for neurofeedback as an intervention.
This lecture shows how trauma directly affects the developing brain, and specific brain functions responsible for attention, concentration, regulating emotions and engaging in satisfying relationships. Even after receiving excellent therapy many traumatised children and adults continue to feel chronically on edge, scared, agitated, collapsed and helpless. To deal with this they often try to cope with alcohol or drugs, while doctors prescribe a large variety of different medications that may make life more manageable but that also affect motivation and curiosity, and that rarely really resolve the problem.