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Non Invasive Neuromodulation (TMS, tDCS, tACD, tRNS, Loreta Neurofeedback): Working mechanisms

Non Invasive Neuromodulation (TMS, tDCS, tACD, tRNS, Loreta Neurofeedback): Working mechanisms

All these techniques have one common advantage, and that is their non-invasiveness; but, except for neurofeedback, they have the disadvantage that the clinical effect is not lasting, even after repeated treatment sessions, except possibly when the techniques are used as an adjunct, for example in rehabilitation settings. Depending on how long the beneficial effect lasts, the repeated sessions can be performed again or an invasive technique can be applied for longer lasting efficacy. Post neuromodulation changes on functional imaging have been used to claim that correlations between pathology and brain changes are causally related. However, these claims have to be interpreted with care, in order not to fall into a new phrenological trap.

Areas of Interest / Categories: ANSA, ANSA 2014