Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) is a widely utilised technique in the treatment of trauma that can be adapted for refugees affected by war, loss and dislocation. Nooria Mehraby illustrates the application of CBT with traumatised refugees with a case study of a 49 year old illiterate Muslim Iraqi woman who lost two children during the Iraq war and another after arrival in Australia. She presented with an intense grief reaction, depression, anxiety and PTSD symptoms.
A safe therapeutic environment was provided in order for her to work through her grief while managing her anxiety. CBT techniques such as relaxation, psycho-education and cognitive restructuring were used with the client, congruent with her cultural beliefs and expectations, utilising cultural and religious metaphors to enhance the application of CBT techniques.