For example, the close symmetry of brain hemispheres obscures the power in the asymmetry of hemispheric functions. My central argument concerns language as an exo-somatic human system: nature is renewed by the human potential for heuristic (“as if”) modelling. But the most crucial consequence of this renewal is the inauguration of a first person with 2 dimensions – a double self, in which I and ME have inevitable, but crucially differentiated, meanings. This differentiation comes about from grammatical equations in which the fundamental analogic power of language is employed: the simple claim that “one thing is another” (NB. one only needs to say “x is y” when it is not already obvious). When applied to the first person – the “ME and I” of William James – the claim of identification through analogy adds a new dimension to experience, and a “serpent’s promise” (Jones, 2013).
Awareness of trauma to children was first codified as the “battered baby syndrome” by Henry Kempe in 1962. While Accident & Emergency Departments, paediatricians and social workers remain alert to these presentations, it seems that child sexual abuse and the range of emotional abuse particularly in disorders of Attachment, have come to the fore in psychotherapy. The sequelae of physical abuse are not always highlighted in the discussions of Complex Trauma but occur, as expected, often in association with other forms of abuse.
Therapy requires the patient and therapist to be in a mutually aware relationship. An underlying characteristic of this relationship is that both parties aim towards ‘feeling felt’. The human necessity for ‘feeling felt’ is at the very beginning of the human journey. In a sensitive caregiver-infant relationship the infant and caregiver ‘take in’ the other’s inner state through giving their awareness purposefully to the other’s communicative gestures. This ‘taking in’ is confirmed moment-by-moment through the ‘giving back’ (mirroring) of these gestures. But for the relationship to be alive, in the giving back there must also be the addition of the other person’s inner state. In adulthood this intersubjectively shaped storytelling, created through gestures and words, characterises the space where trauma can be healed in relationship.
Suicide is a major risk in Australia. In 2007, 1,881 people died by suicide. People bereaved by suicide must construct personal meaning about the death, decode the intentions of the deceased and receive and process a range of attitudes and beliefs about suicide from their social networks, from the supportive to the stigmatising.
In our work as therapists we constantly seek to develop our patients’ capacity for relatedness. Spiritual seeking in its purest forms is the pursuit of levels of development beyond the aims of most psychotherapy patients, but is understandable as a profound extension of this capacity in relation to both humanity and the divine.
The aims and objectives of this paper are to demonstrate the underlying ‘musical thematic’ structure of embodied meaning between psychotherapist and patient and to discuss how this gives insight into the interpersonal dynamics of psychotherapeutic healing. The model of Communicative Musicality (Malloch, 1999; Malloch & Trevarthen, 2009), like that of the Conversational Model (Meares, 2004), has its origins in the investigation of mutuality in the infant-caregiver relationship. We observe in this relationship an exquisite mutually regulated interchange of embodied narratives of affect which enable caregiver and infant to spend meaningful time together.