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Knowledge, barriers and facilitating factors for Chlamydia trachomatis screening – the views of young women using social networking sites.

Knowledge, barriers and facilitating factors for Chlamydia trachomatis screening – the views of young women using social networking sites.

278 participants completed the survey. Our population was representative in geographic distribution and socioeconomic status. Overall, 78% had heard of Chlamydia trachomatis. Participants aged 16-17 were less likely to have heard of chlamydia than older participants (p=0.01), as were sexually naïve and overseas-born participants (p=0.02 and p<0.001 respectively). Eighty-seven per cent of participants knew that chlamydia could cause infertility. Screening methods that were most acceptable to participants were providing a urine sample at home (73.4%) and screening during a Pap smear (70.5%). Seventy-six per cent of participants indicated their willingness to participate in online screening. Regional participants were as willing as metropolitan participants (p=0.2).
This study demonstrated a high level of knowledge of chlamydial infection. Knowledge was lower in younger females, indicating a need for further educational interventions targeted to them. There was strong agreement for self-collected urine sampling, coinciding Pap smears with chlamydia screening and online screening, suggesting these may be acceptable methods for young women.

Speakers: Navera Ahmed
Areas of Interest / Categories: Australasian Sexual Health Conference 2011

Australasian Sexual Health Conference 2011

Current Medical Treatment of Premature Ejaculation

Over the past 20-30 years, the Premature Ejaculation (PE) treatment paradigm, previously limited to behavioural psychotherapy, has expanded to include drug treatment. Animal and human sexual psychopharmacological studies have demonstrated that serotonin and 5-HT receptors are involved in ejaculation and confirm a role for SSRIs in the treatment of PE. Multiple well-controlled evidence-based studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of SSRIs in delaying ejaculation, confirming their role as first-line agents for the medical treatment of lifelong and acquired PE. Daily dosing of SSRIs is associated with superior fold increases in IELT compared to on-demand SSRIs.

The Sexuality Education of Australian GLBTIQ Youth: Messages, Usefulness, Recommendations

There have been many recent media debates and controversies in Australia over what sexuality education in schools should constitute. Concerns for sexual health can inform pushes for educating young people on topics such as hygiene, biology or safe sex. Yet other agendas privilege censorship, the teaching of abstinence, a focus on sexual morality or the inclusion of gay rights and other diverse perspectives. A review of the literature uncovered the key approaches to sexuality education, and 14 specific messages they offer young people about their sexuality. This presentation considers the relevance of these messages for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex students.

SMS reminders increase re-testing for repeat chlamydial infection in heterosexuals at a sexual health clinic

Repeat infection with Chlamydia trachomatis is common. If left untreated it can lead to onward transmission and in females it increases the risk of pelvic inflammatory disease by four-fold. In late 2008, Sydney Sexual Health Centre implemented a reminder system using short message service (SMS) to improve re-testing rates following treatment of chlamydial infection. Clinicians were advised to set up SMS reminders to be sent out at 3 months after the visit. We compared the frequency of re-screening within 1-4 months of the initial infection in women and heterosexual men who received the SMS in the 12 month period of January-December 2009 (intervention group) to a 18-month period before the SMS was introduced (historical control group) using a Chi-square test, and multivariate regression.

The importance of mobility in sustaining high STI prevalence in remote indigenous communities

Despite high rates of screening and treatment in many remote Indigenous communities in Australia, diagnosis rates for sexually transmitted infections (STI), chlamydia and gonorrhoea in particular, remain alarmingly high. One contributing factor may be the high rate of temporary mobility for residents of remote communities. We use mathematical modelling to explore the impact of mobility on STI transmission within remote communities.

Gay men prefer partner notification by short message service (SMS) rather than e-postcards: a web-based evaluation

In 2006 two new innovative features were added to the WhyTest website; the ‘Tell them’ service allowing visitors to forward anonymous e-postcard or short message services (SMS) to sexual partners who may have been exposed to an STI, and the ‘remind me’ service allowing visitors to register for a 3, 6 or 12 monthly SMS reminder for a sexual health check. We describe the usage of the new website functionality, and recognition of a health promotion campaign conducted in January-June 2007 to promote these new features.

Lighting the fire, not filling the pail - positioning sexuality in the Australian curriculum

This symposium presentation will discuss conceptual approaches to how processes underway to develop the Australian Curriculum might link to improved sexual health outcomes. It will also explore the assumptions underpinning the ‘partnership’ between health and education sectors to uncover both the opportunities and the pitfalls for those who want to promote young people’s learning. 

Oropharyngeal carcinoma related to human papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus (HPV) induced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a unique subtype of oropharyngeal cancer. It has a significantly better prognosis than that caused by tobacco and/ or alcohol. The incidence of HPV related oropharyngeal cancer is raising in the western countries.