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The importance of mobility in sustaining high STI prevalence in remote indigenous communities

The importance of mobility in sustaining high STI prevalence in remote indigenous communities

An agent-based computer simulation model was developed to study the relationship between mobility rate and the transmission of gonorrhoea and Chlamydia across numerous representative but theoretical Indigenous populations. Population mobility is incorporated using a ‘gravity’ formulation from transport theory.
Simulation results suggest that temporary mobility could be a factor in sustaining a persistent high level of STIs. However, this relationship is unlikely to be of a simple nature. It was found that STIs are unlikely to be sustained at an endemic level if there is no mobility. Interestingly, however, endemic STI levels are also unlikely to be sustained if mobility is very high. For example, in this model the endemic prevalence of gonorrhoea increases rapidly to more than 10% as the maximum mobility rate (MMR) increases from 0 movements per 1000 individuals per day to between 0.2 and 1.2, before gradually decreasing to 0 again as the MMR increases to 3 movements per 1000 individuals per day.
While mobility patterns vary between remote communities, mobility is generally believed to be much higher than for non-remote communities. Our modelling suggests that mobility may be an important factor in sustaining high levels of STIs in remote communities and that simple location-based interventions may not be effective for control and prevention. It is therefore necessary to obtain accurate and specific data on mobility patterns in order to access the potential impact of current and proposed interventions.

Speakers: Dr Ben Hui
Areas of Interest / Categories: Australasian Sexual Health Conference 2011

Australasian Sexual Health Conference 2011

Current Medical Treatment of Premature Ejaculation

Over the past 20-30 years, the Premature Ejaculation (PE) treatment paradigm, previously limited to behavioural psychotherapy, has expanded to include drug treatment. Animal and human sexual psychopharmacological studies have demonstrated that serotonin and 5-HT receptors are involved in ejaculation and confirm a role for SSRIs in the treatment of PE. Multiple well-controlled evidence-based studies have demonstrated the efficacy and safety of SSRIs in delaying ejaculation, confirming their role as first-line agents for the medical treatment of lifelong and acquired PE. Daily dosing of SSRIs is associated with superior fold increases in IELT compared to on-demand SSRIs.

The Sexuality Education of Australian GLBTIQ Youth: Messages, Usefulness, Recommendations

There have been many recent media debates and controversies in Australia over what sexuality education in schools should constitute. Concerns for sexual health can inform pushes for educating young people on topics such as hygiene, biology or safe sex. Yet other agendas privilege censorship, the teaching of abstinence, a focus on sexual morality or the inclusion of gay rights and other diverse perspectives. A review of the literature uncovered the key approaches to sexuality education, and 14 specific messages they offer young people about their sexuality. This presentation considers the relevance of these messages for gay, lesbian, bisexual, transgender and intersex students.

Gay men prefer partner notification by short message service (SMS) rather than e-postcards: a web-based evaluation

In 2006 two new innovative features were added to the WhyTest website; the ‘Tell them’ service allowing visitors to forward anonymous e-postcard or short message services (SMS) to sexual partners who may have been exposed to an STI, and the ‘remind me’ service allowing visitors to register for a 3, 6 or 12 monthly SMS reminder for a sexual health check. We describe the usage of the new website functionality, and recognition of a health promotion campaign conducted in January-June 2007 to promote these new features.

Lighting the fire, not filling the pail - positioning sexuality in the Australian curriculum

This symposium presentation will discuss conceptual approaches to how processes underway to develop the Australian Curriculum might link to improved sexual health outcomes. It will also explore the assumptions underpinning the ‘partnership’ between health and education sectors to uncover both the opportunities and the pitfalls for those who want to promote young people’s learning. 

Oropharyngeal carcinoma related to human papillomavirus

Human papillomavirus (HPV) induced oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma is a unique subtype of oropharyngeal cancer. It has a significantly better prognosis than that caused by tobacco and/ or alcohol. The incidence of HPV related oropharyngeal cancer is raising in the western countries.

High chlamydia prevalence found among young Australian men and women - results from the Australian Chlamydia Control Effectiveness Pilot (ACCEPt).

ACCEPt is a multi-state cluster randomised trial that aims to increase annual chlamydia testing in 16-29 year olds attending general practice. 54 postcodes (80% in rural areas) are being randomised to a multi-faceted intervention and GP clinics within each postcode enrolled. The primary outcome is change in chlamydia prevalence, and a prevalence study is being conducted at the beginning and end of the trial. We report on the findings of the baseline prevalence study.

Surgical Aspects of Transgender Medicine

Surgery for gender dysphoria was not routinely available prior to the 80’s, surgery and psychiatry having had an unhappy liaison. While gender dysphoria is DSM classified it’s not because it is deemed to be an illness, rather than to give guidelines as to establishing a diagnosis, and surgery is now deemed to be an appropriate activity.