The Hopkins Centre, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Meadowbrook, Australia
Experiencing discrimination and an absence of community support can have a considerable impact on the health and wellbeing of culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) people, particularly refugee and asylum seeking populations. Currently, there is limited
understanding surrounding regions in Queensland which have significantly high levels of (i) CALD people that do not have English as a first language, (ii) discrimination, and (iii) community support. Furthermore, the dispersion of CALD people that do not have English as a first language in relation to discrimination and community support is not well understood.
Establishing regions significantly represented across the three domains, and their relationship, can inform support programs necessary to promote the best health and wellbeing outcomes for refugee and asylum seeking populations in Queensland.
Consequently, a spatial analysis study was undertaken to identify regions in Queensland with significantly high (i) numbers and proportions of CALD people who identify as not speaking English well, (ii) levels of discrimination, and (iii) levels of social support.
Furthermore, the study was undertaken to clarify the geographic dispersion of regions with significantly high numbers and proportions of CALD people who identify as not speaking English well in relation to discrimination and social support.
To establish statistically significant clusters, a set of geographic hot spot analyses were conducted using the software ArcGIS. Data sources include: the Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2016 Census of Population and Housing, and the Torrens University Australia – Public Health Information Development Unit, 2014-2016 Community Strengths Dataset.
IMPLICATIONS AND CONCLUSIONS:
Identified regions which have high numbers and proportions of CALD populations who identify as not speaking English well, and have high levels of discrimination and poor indicators of social support require targeted social support to ensure that refugee and asylum seeking populations are able to flourish in Queensland.