The impacts of domestic violence on children have been well established by researchers. Children who witness violence against their mother or parent may be physically abused if they intervene. The parenting skills of mothers who are victims of domestic violence are reduced, which creates a secondary vulnerability for children. The longer term impacts on young adults have not been well described in research evidence or clinical presentations. This exploratory paper uses a case study methodology to draw out principles for psychotherapy. Young adult survivors of domestic violence view their parents as emotionally absent.
They have provided reverse mirroring and caretaking for their parents. This creates an empty self without self soothing capacities. Survivors have high functioning areas of self as well as undeveloped sectors particularly intimate relationships. Attachment patterns are ambivalent, with hostility and dependence strongly evident. These patterns are created by feeling loyalty and love for both parents, and the traumatising experience of witnessing violence between the parents. This paper will present principles for engaging young adult survivors of domestic violence: encouraging individuation, facilitating the expression of grief, establishing respectful communication, addressing conflict and competition between siblings, and supporting appropriate development in the world. This work requires a frame of understanding domestic violence as a crime and human rights violation
"There is no such thing as marriage - merely two scapegoats sent out by their families to perpetuate themselves". Whittaker & Keith 1981. This presentation will explore the experience of Anxiety and Depression for both men and women, in the perinatal period. The perinatal period offers a unique opportunity to provide comprehensive care for parents diagnosed with perinatal Anxiety and/or Depression. There is significant evidence that the partner's risk for developing a related Anxiety or Depression, is increased from 4.8% to 36% at 6 weeks postnatally.
Within the context of the recent natural disasters occurring around the world, attention has been focussed on trauma's psychological consequences. The trauma spotlighted here is on that of childhood maltreatment and the effects on subsequent adult life. Described in this paper are experiences of recovery from patient perspectives, and an examination of how these are different from, and interact with, representations of therapy derived from published expert theoristpractitioner experience. It is based on a phenomenological study of reports from seven women with histories of chronic childhood maltreatment. These women have since been through significant recovery from dissociative symptoms, and it is this part of their journey that was the focus of this research. From the data, two models are proposed.
The birth of the democratic South Africa opened up the possibility of meeting with fellow citizens who had previously been kept apart. Since 1995 a model of infant-parent psychotherapy has been developed resulting in a mental health service which has come to be valued within the community.
Over the years, we as health care providers have proven that a good perinatal preparation, a good birthing process and a good postnatal care ensures the physical and mental well being of the newborn and his mother. A similar opportunity for quality outcome should be afforded at life`s final phase - preparation and a good 'gateway' for the dying person, as well as a good follow - up period of those left behind. A good death needs guidance to settle outstanding issues, to articulate values, beliefs and doubts and to live the remaining period of life in the fullest and most meaningful way. Early contact is pivotal to learn about our client and his life history. This time is needed to build our client`s trust, to endorse our commitment, and to collect the tools needed to guide him through the gateway and when taking his last breath. It is equally important to meet the immediate needs of his family and to develop the crucial trusting partnership that will ensure a good dying process for their loved one in setting of his choice, and a better acceptance of their loss. It is realistic to assume that people in the future will invest in their final time.
Lateral violence occurs when the violence associated with oppression is internalised by those who are oppressed, and redirected between the members of the oppressed group. Among Aboriginal and Torres
For 1000 years during the beginning of Western medicine (500 B.C. - 500 A.D.,) of the hundreds of medical treatments offered at the time, only dream-based medicine was ubiquitously practiced throughout
The goal of this workshop is to sensitize marital and family therapists to the unique issues involved in treating couples with history of childhood sexual trauma in one or both partners, and to prepare them to successfully meet the challenges inherent in working with this population. Individual therapists working with adults abused as children can also benefit from the workshop. First, is reviewed existing literature and research on gender-specific impact of childhood sexual trauma on adult functioning in the area of sexuality and intimate relationships. Second, a familiarization with existing models of treating couples with history of childhood sexual trauma such as psychoeducation, sex therapy, Susan Johnson's Emotionally Focused Therapy, and integrative model of Basham and Miehls. Third, a focus on practical implications: challenges for the therapists and common pitfalls and risk factors in working with such couples, including issues of vicarious traumatization, countertransference, complex dynamics of projective identification, and role of cultural factors.