Food security is not just about filling the stomachs of a hungry majority with good food; it is also about upholding the dignity of those people. The World Health Organization defines food security as existing “when all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy and active life”.
This paper assesses the policies and other efforts put in place by the Kenya government, the initiatives by non-governmental organisations that have positively contributed to the vice, and the efforts made by affected individuals and communities themselves to deal with food insecurity in the last fifty years. Therefore, the aim of the paper is to gauge the extent to which Kenya in the last fifty years of political independence has reached in dealing with food security: specifically the progress made, challenges incurred and what remains to be done. By so doing, this paper cultivates deeper insight and generate better clarity into the issues of food security as an aspect of social protection, and the role of policy and governance in food insecurity alleviation.
Surviving in the city is a daily crisis, for the slum population in Mumbai who are essentially migrants from the villages and small towns seeking to escape rural poverty. Extremely high population density, food insecurity, poor access to drinking water and sanitation coupled with high cost of living and job insecurity adversely affects their quality of life. The disease pattern is typical leading to indicators worse than those in the villages; this fact blanketed by better-than-average morbidity and mortality indicators of the city. The AmeriCares India Mobile Medical Clinic Program is an established & unique model of ‘Access & Continuity of Care’ striving to provide access and continuity of quality primary care for marginalized communities in urban slums, using mobile medical units coupled with information technology.
Social work profession enhances the well-being of people by intervening at the points where people find difficulties. Interventions are intended to assist clients in alleviating problems impeding their well-being. Old age is the last phase of one’s life where the elderly confront many challenges with regard to their physical, mental health and support system. The quality of life of rural elderly in India is deteriorating because of inadequate facilities and weak support system. This paper is based on the impact of social work intervention in improving the mental health condition of a group of elderly people residing in rural India.
Though motherhood has been glorified in the patriarchal societies, this glorification does not necessarily lead to rights and entitlements in lives of every woman. Motherhood (along with a caring and nurturing role) sometimes becomes a vulnerability for women in adversity or in disadvantaged contexts and sometimes motherhood and mothering becomes a human strength (as viewed in the care focused feminism). In both scenarios, motherhood and mothering do seem to become significant in defining identities of women. Based on a qualitative research on resilience among women widowed due to the conflict in Kashmir, this paper focuses on how women view their experiences as single mothers, and how exercising identity of being a ‘mother’ becomes a part of the resilience process.
Self Help Groups (SHGs) are formed in large scale in India. SHGs of women have become very common in villages of Karnataka. Large numbers of rural women have been enrolled into SHGs by both government and non government organisations with the aim to empower women. Self help groups are homogeneous groups of the rural poor. The number of members in the group ranges from 10 to 20 members. The objective of SHG formation is not only economic empowerment but also integrated empowerment by focusing on enhancing skills, knowledge, capacities and awareness generation. Self help groups are the platform to discuss various issues like environment, health and hygiene, child development, women empowerment and so on. The degradation of environment can be checked with the intervention of rural women SHGs.
Life stress events are primarily due to a human being’s interaction with their social environment. In fact, in social work practice, the concept of “person-in-environment” becomes the main focus of intervention. The successful of mobilising and enhancing an individual’s personal and environmental resources can lead to a person’s motivation to cope with life stress, it elevates resiliency and can help to further establish hope for a better life. The effectiveness of intervention however will greatly rely on the individuals as well as the social workers.
First Nations/Indigenous people have been and continue to be subjected to various and evolving forms of colonisation in Canadian society. They have experienced social, economic, and political exclusion and marginalisation from various arenas of decision-making resulting in increasingly poor health, income, educational, employment and social outcomes. Adopted as mechanisms to reclaim autonomy through self-governance, political activism and cultural reclaiming have been instrumental in supporting Indigenous people and their allies to challenge existing oppressive structures and to foster new paradigms for future growth and development.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent