Because of the disciplinary problems faced by police and security departments, new laws and procedures have emerged encouraging police to be more accountable by abiding by and enforcing policies, practices, behaviours and decisions as well as to ensure and maintain continuous accountability for their actions. Psychological screening tools, such as the LEAl, assess potential officer candidates for psychological fitness for duty and has emerged as one of the most significant changes in police departments. The goal of the current study was to review the validity of various measures as compared to the LEAl in regards to their ability to screen officer candidates. Also, the differences in scores, which may be accounted for by the difference in the way candidates are trained and selected, is also discussed.
Results of this study indicate that, with both populations, Police and Security Applicants, the LEAl was able to screen those candidates who were more likely to be successful long term in their careers in law enforcement. Further implications discussed include the growing number of specialised treatment populations, such as the mentally ill and sex offenders. Because these populations require a higher level of care and more hands on involvement than is traditionally required of officers, screening in officers who are more appropriately fit to work with such populations is extremely important and necessary.
Nkangala is the Chichewa word for mouth-bough or musical bow. This instrument is played by women in Malawi, south-east Africa. During a field research trip in July 2013, Christine Korischek, was able to get some basic instructions on how to play the Nkangala with two women, Cecilia and Elena Gatchepa, in southern Malawi. The personal experience of playing this instrument and the information given by her two teachers are the source of this attempt at exploring the psychotherapeutic effects that are operant when playing the musical bow. In the first part of the talk the Nkangala will be introduced. Brief information on the history of the mouth bow in southern Malawi, as well as how it is made and played will be given. The main part of the talk includes descriptions of experiences when playing the Nkangala and an attempt at investigating on the psychotherapeutic effects. Since the sound projected out is low, the mouth bow is usually played in solitude and not for a large audience.
This study investigates the impact of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - Impact on Depressed Outpatients of State Hospital Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The sample comprised of 32 men and women 18 years and above. The instrument used for screening was Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) while Beck Depression Inventory -II (BDI-II) was used for data collection. The research design adopted for this study was Pre Post Experimental Design. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was the statistical tool employed for processing the data collected.
Internationally, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy is a well-established treatment modality for Borderline Personality Disorder and other affect deregulated disorders. However, it is very labour intensive, and is a huge demand on resources. Ward 4&5, the specialist psychotherapy unit at Tara hospital in Johannesburg offers a DBT based in-patient programme for patients who struggle with various personality disorders as well as mood and anxiety disorders.
Eating Disorders are often misunderstood and rarely examined from a scientific viewpoint. This presentation explains the neurochemical, genetic and environmental etiology of eating disorders and the treatment implications. Participants will learn assessment tools, have a more complete understanding of these disorders and have proven methods to help their patients. There are neurochemical changes that occur in patients with eating disorders. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa have different chemicals that promote the respective disorders. Studies are now showing that binge eating can alter brain functioning and promote addiction-like properties in response to some foods.
When Perls wrote "Ego, Hunger and Aggression" in the 1940's, after having sought refuge in South Africa, fleeing the Holocaust in Europe, the development of Professional Competencies for Psychotherapists was probably not first on his mind. Over the recent decade and since establishing laws regulating the psychotherapeutic profession in different countries, it has become increasingly important to develop our skills to a professional level. Now 70 years later and returning to Gestalt therapy's origins we would like to present the EAGT document about specific competencies of Gestalt therapists originating out of an initiative of EAP with the aim of establishing psychotherapeutic professional standards across Europe.
Literature shows that HIV infection is often related to mental distress also because psychological features, symptomatic or not, become clearly manifested, after diagnosis and beginning of HAART. In a previous work we evaluated that psychological approaches are important but they give only support, enhancing the relationships of patients. In many cases these relationships are dysfunctional too. A brief psychodynamic psychotherapy focused on supporting the psychological distress of patients but also on emerging unconscious valid elements as an important skill for self-maturation and independence.