Sexuality is inextricably intertwined with religious rules in Islam. Sexual interests and motivations are presented in Muslim teachings as a natural and necessary part of human existence and acquiring knowledge in sexual matters has been valued. Apart from some Muslims who have adopted a more liberal interpretation of Islam, the dominant Islamic discourse of sexuality focuses on sexual duality. It emphasises the difference, complementarity and unity of the sexes and refers to sexual activity as both recreative and procreative.
In understanding issues concerning sexuality within Muslim communities, the concept of modesty is particularly important. Modesty has been considered to contribute to restrictions in public discourse on sexuality. As a result of cultural sexual taboos, strongly overlaid onto local understandings of Islam, talking about sexual issues is a difficult task for most Muslims. Emphasising on the positive attitude towards sexuality in Islamic teachings and encouraging constructive communication about sexual health issues, while acknowledging and respecting cultural and religious sensitivities, are important strategies in achieving better sexual health outcomes in Muslim communities.
Take home messages:
-Islam has a positive attitude towards sexuality, values sexual activity and believes sexual union gives a foretaste of the joys of paradise.
-There is a distinction between an ‘Islamic value’ and a ‘cultural value, practised by Muslims’. Barriers to promoting sexual health in Muslim communities are mostly cultural rather than religious.
-Facilitating a constructive dialogue on sexual issues, as encouraged and valued by Islam, is an important strategy to achieve better sexual health outcomes.
Sexually traumatized patients often have problems with flashbacks, nightmares and avoidance. This workshop teaches an integrated method for trauma relief, combining knowledge from NLP, psycho dynamic therapy, cognitive therapy and modern trauma research. The method is based on the human memory storing system, which functions in the same way in all human beings. This means that the method easily can be used cross-culturally and for all gender combinations.
To explore how sexual health and sexual ethics are represented in the Bible and how these are relevant to the 21st century. God created humans as physical and relational beings. Sexuality is a good, healthy element of that created physical relatedness, with three functions: relational bonding; mutual pleasure; and procreation. The biblical pattern for sexual expression which best accords with these functions is heterosexual monogamy.
How should the Public Health Model be applied so it really contributes to improved sexual health for all? Public Health recognizes three levels of prevention - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Primary prevention involves prevention of the disease or injury itself, Fluoride, Immunization, Education to avoid smoking and substance abuse. Secondary prevention blocks the progression of an injury or disease from an impairment to a disability. An impairment has already occurred, but disability may be prevented through early intervention.
The UK has among the highest teenage pregnancy and STI rates in Western Europe and strategies to reduce these outcomes have a high priority. This paper seeks to draw lessons from the rigorous evaluations of three sexual health initiatives: SHARE (a cluster randomised trial (CRT) of teacher-delivered sex education), RIPPLE (CRT of peer-delivered school sex education) and Healthy Respect Phase 2 (a quasi-experimental study of a multi-component Scottish national sexual health demonstration project encompassing youth friendly sexual health drop-ins, social marketing, branding, a parenting component and SHARE).
This symposium will focus on presentation of the results and discussion of a ground-breaking study into the cost and cost-effectiveness of sexuality education (SE) in six countries, commissioned by UNESCO in 2010. Why an economic analysis? Policy-makers all over the world, involved in decisions on school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes, are facing three important economic questions: what are the costs of developing the programmes, what are the costs of implementing and scaling up the programmes, and do the programmes provide value for money?
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent