Several studies have investigated the role of psychological processes on the etiology and maintenance of sexual dysfunction. Studies on dispositional factors have supported Barlow’s theory (2002) suggesting as well as infertility treatment are now finding themselves more heavily involved in the decision-making process concerning patients; Neuroticism and low Positive trait-affect are more prevalent in individuals with sexual dysfunction compared to controls (Oliveira & Nobre, in press; Quinta Gomes & Nobre, 2012).
Regarding sexual beliefs, Baker and de Silva (1988) found that men with sexual dysfunction present significantly higher beliefs on Zil-bergeld’s myths compared to controls. Additionally, Nobre and Pinto-Gouveia (2006a) have found that men with sexual dysfunction present stronger beliefs in the “macho” myth, and women presented more age-related and conservative beliefs as compared to controls.
Concerning the role of cognitive schemas, Nobre and Pinto-Gouveia (2009) found that individuals with sexual dysfunction activate more negative cognitive schemas (mostly incompetence) when exposed to unsuccessful sexual events. Regarding attentional processes, studies have shown the negative impact of cognitive distraction on sexual response (Beck et al., 1987; Elliot and O’Donohue,1997). Additionally, Nobre and Pinto-Gouveia (2008a) found that individuals with sexual dysfunction presented significantly more failure and performance related thoughts, as well as lack of erotic thoughts, compared to controls.
Finally, studies about the role of emotions have suggested that depressive affect is negatively related to sexual arousal (Koukounas & McCabe, 2001; Mitchell et al., 1998; Nobre et al., 2004; Nobre & Pinto-Gouveia, 2006b). Based on these findings Nobre et al (2010a, 2010b, 2013) have developed explaining models for sexual dysfunction in men and women which are being tested using experimental and longitudinal approaches. The author will present preliminary findings of a psychophysiology study on the impact of trait variables (e.g., personality, trait-affect, sexual beliefs) and state variables (thoughts and emotions during exposure to erotica) on sexual response after a false negative feedback manipulation on genital response. Moreover the author will present an overview of ongoing studies aimed at assessing the efficacy of cognitive behaviour therapy for sexual dysfunction.
As a psychology and medicine student in the sixties and early seventies I realized that sexology was missing in the education and training curriculum for most health professionals. This concern encouraged me to ask my own department and the University of Gothenburg to modify the current curricula making sexology a compulsory subject in the academic training for physicians and psychologists in the first place.
The psychotherapy section of the WPATH Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender and Gender nonconforming People (SOC) is the most obvious component of the SOC that has to do with “heart”, the theme of this conference. Psychotherapy, to be good, requires empathy and imagination, connection and relatedness, and listening to story.
The LET'S TALK ABOUT SEX foundation coordinated an educational project ahead of the Euro 2012 Football Championship in Poland. This preventative and educational program
The medical sexology can be a significant domain for clinical Psychiatry. It is crucial to stress the importance of evaluating sexual life in the clinical global assessment of psychiatric patients/clients: Diagnoses, treatment and quality of their sexual life’s. It is stressed the sexological approach done by the psychiatrists or psychologists in the medical or surgical team in Liaison Psychiatry inside the general hospital.