Physical activity is increasingly recognised as an effective mental health and psychosocial strategy for people experiencing psychological distress. Evidence consistently demonstrates that being physically active can help prevent and treat a range of disorders including depression, anxiety and posttraumatic stress disorder. Importantly, physical inactivity is associated with a range of cardiovascular and metabolic disorders including diabetes, metabolic syndrome and obesity which are highly prevalent in people experiencing mental illness. Based on this robust body of evidence, there is growing recognition of the potential role of sport and physical activity in improving mental and physical health outcomes for people from refugee and asylum seeker backgrounds, including for populations living in displacement. This talk will summarise the latest evidence base regarding exercise and mental health with reference to how sport and physical activity is used within the Rohingya community living in camps in Cox’s Bazar, Bangladesh as well as data from a longitudinal study conducted in Australia.