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The Case of Peru: Gender-Based Sexuality Education as a Priority Policy (Presented in Spanish)

The Case of Peru: Gender-Based Sexuality Education as a Priority Policy (Presented in Spanish)

In 2016, Peru completed the reform of education and
the revision of the educational curriculum to
strengthen its impact on students’ life, including their
autonomy, decision making competency and self-care.
The incorporation of Comprehensive Sexuality
Education (CSE) in the curriculum was key to respond
to limitations in its conceptual and pedagogical treatment,
call for political support, make the issue visible
and reduce the resistance of conservative sectors. It
was an opportunity to consolidate gender and human
rights approaches thanks to the recognition of international
cooperation in its role of evidence-based technical
Action and Population group: An intense process
of policy dialogue and technical assistance based on
evidence aimed at Ministry of Education (MoE) was
launched by UNFPA to incorporate CSE in the curriculum,
impacting at political, programmatic and
operational levels, involving multiple actors. The process
ended with the official approval of the curriculum
that includes competencies and knowledge of the exercise
of a healthy sexuality. The MoE subsequently went
through a judicial process brought by a group of
parents against the gender approach in the curriculum.
Discussion & recommendations: Technical assistance
based on evidence, face to face with officials of
the education sector, at national and local level, was
highly valuable to clear out false concepts about CSE,
sexuality, current legal norms, and to sensitize them to
the fundamental role of the school in the protection
and respect of adolescents’ human rights.
Main recommendations for the future: to support
the progressive implementation of the curriculum as
planned by the MoE maintaining gender and human
rights’ approaches as well as CSE as key axes. The
training of teachers is key as well as the monitoring
and evaluation of CSE implementation.
Supporting literature: UNESCO, UNFPA, UNICEF,
ONUSIDA (2018). International Technical Guidance
on Sexuality Education. An evidence-informed
Keywords: advocacy in CSE, Comprenhensive
sexuality education, public policies in CSE
Source of Funding: United Nations Population Fund
Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Statement: None

Speakers: Carmen Murguía