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Mood disorders in General Practice – as simple as DSM, SSRI & CBT?

Mood disorders in General Practice – as simple as DSM, SSRI & CBT?

In the past decade mental health, and depression in particular, has received a great deal of attention both in the general and medical media. Awareness of depression has markedly increased, attempts have been made to reduce its stigma, and a lot of effort has gone into educating GPs.
No-one would argue that this has not been a positive development. However it has lead on occasions to an oversimplification, where all bad moods are depression, and depression always responds to evidence based treatment with CBT & an SSRI.

Clinical reality in general practice is rather different. We see a wide range of low moods, only some of which are unipolar depression. Many belong to other diagnoses, and many, despite being very significant, struggle to fit neatly any single DSM category. General practice is messy and our patients rarely conform to the neat case studies of typical education modules. And treatments may be evidence based, but the patients to whom we offer them are rarely the same as those carefully selected folk from whom the evidence was gathered.
This talk tries to step back a little and look first at normal mood and its adaptive function, and then go on to take an honest look at the diverse range of mood presentations in GP. In no sense didactic, it is one particular GP’s reflections on how he approaches the manifold uncertainties around treating mood dysfunction. It touches on the difference between the cross sectional, phenomenologically driven approach of some specialist practitioners and the more longitudinal, formulation based approach often found in general practice. It touches on lifestyle, ‘second line’ pharmacological treatments and when to move beyond CBT & explore the meaning of depressive symptoms.
Speakers: Dr. Simon Cowap
Conference: Demo
Areas of Interest / Categories: General Practice

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