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Mental health and human rights in the 21st century: Challenges in a global society

Mental health and human rights in the 21st century: Challenges in a global society

Social change movements arose not only due to a lack of freedom (whose ultimate expression is the dictatorship) but to the existence of structural conditions of deep social inequality. And things have not changed. There is not the same type of political violence but never had Central America such extreme levels of inequality as now, such high percentages of people living below the poverty line. Never before many Latin American countries had known such extreme forms of social and structural violence and life was worth so little. That is, the insurgent movements that now are seen outdated, stopped

But in many places the conditions that generated them remain. Some countries (like Peru and Colombia) experience an important economic growth (they are considered "emerging countries"). This in fact reflects for the vast majority of the population that those who have more earn more. In most not even that. Special case are those countries in which military or paramilitary violence persists with impunity, under the umbrella of democratic societies, as is the case in Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras or Colombia.

Areas of Interest / Categories: Human Rights, ISHHR 2011, ISHHR 2012, Mental Health, Social Issues

ISHHR 2012

War and Trafficking: Migrant, trafficked and bonded workers and the business of organ harvesting.

The present-day abuses of migrant labour, human trafficking and bonded labour worldwide deserve long-overdue investigation by business academics into their causes and dynamics. Utilising data from

Group intervention with children

This article aims at reflecting, in the style of a story and not as a scientific or scholarly article, on a group therapy intervention with children of urban slums of Lima, populated by migrants from

The rise of juvenile crime in Georgia

Violence among the adolescents and adolescent delinquency often results in criminal charges and 14-18 year olds end up in the penitentiary facility. By the year 2005 only 26 adolescents were serving sentence in special juvenile facilities; however from 2006 onwards their number has increased drastically. At times the numbers of inmates reached 200, while today 162 juveniles are serving sentence. The rise of juvenile crime has become a debate issue for various groups of the Georgian society – education experts, psychologists, politicians are looking for the reasons of the situation at hand. We attempted a study of the demographic, social and academic profiles of adolescent inmates (the study of the Ministry of Education and Science, 2009), also taking into account our 5-year practice of working with juvenile convicts, which was aimed at supporting their resocialization and future reintegration into the society. In this work we will present a psychosocial portrait of an adolescent in the penitentiary system and consider the particular stress-factors that affect the juveniles and are determined by the specific features of the Georgian criminal subculture. We will also present 5 psychotypes of the adolescents in conflict with the law that were determined by the Freiburg personality test and will try to describe the self perception of the convicts while in confinement and after their sentence is served.

Case studies from GCRT of victims of war and other types of violence

During our work in GCRT for years we attained significant experience in psycho-traumatology. In contemporary concept of psycho-traumatology a human is referred to as a bio-psycho-social being. In trauma, its psychological and physical integrity are infringed. Person: soul and body is one whole, so it's very important to treat a person at every level through holistic and multidisciplinary approach. Our goal is to present cases of our beneficiaries, who were victims of war and other types of violence and developed different kind of psycho-traumatic disorders. We would like to share our experience of treating and rehabilitating body and psyche as one whole. Several cases (rehabilitation process and results) are discussed. In each presented case psycho-traumatic disorders have been diagnosed and confirmed clinically.

Research on trauma brought on by the disappearance of a child

Research on trauma brought on by the disappearance of a child is rare. The aim of our study was to increase understanding of uncertainty's role in the lives of those it affects, to present a narrative structure of the parents' testimonies, and to discern the origin of hope still felt by the parents. Sampling and Methods: Close reading and qualitative analysis of 29 testimonies given by parents whose sons disappeared during the Croatian War for Independence. Gender differences, categories, and frequencies of adjectives used were determined.

Stress factors in post-soviet period 1989-2011

The Collapse of the soviet system caused prolonged political, economical and psychosocial difficulties for the society. On one hand, collapse of totalitarian regime gives opportunity for change and

Justice and reparation: Acompanamiento a los afectados directos y sus faliliares

En esta coyuntura histórica de la realización de los Juicios a los responsables del Terrorismo de Estado de la última dictadura militar argentina, nos proponemos contribuir desde nuestro rol profesional en el acompañamiento a los afectados directos y sus familiares hoy constituidos en testigos y querellantes de estas causas. Desde una perspectiva psicosocial, la magnitud de los traumatismos producidos por la dictadura así como la impunidad posterior, ocasionaron daños profundos que persisten a lo largo del tiempo y a través de las generaciones. La realización de estos juicios, además de la oportunidad concreta de acceder a la condena de los responsables, permite la reelaboración personal y colectiva de lo ocurrido, así como habilita nuevos modelos de inscripción de la memoria histórica. Este escenario plantea nuevos desafíos que requieren complejos y particulares modos de intervención clínica y psicosocial. Se abordarán el dispositivo de acompañamiento psico-jurídico a testigos y querellantes como una de las intervenciones que desarrollamos en el ámbito de los derechos humanos y la salud mental, considerando el papel del testigo y del testimonio, sus aspectos reparatorios y de encuentro con lo traumático.