In 2000, 120 nations took a stand against all forms of human trafficking through the Palermo Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children and encouraged all signatories to criminalize this rapidly-growing form of slavery. Since then, it has become apparent that the comprehensive elimination of trafficking must have both global and local dimensions—and that those dimensions must focus even more specifically on prevention. Both the supply and demand for trafficking have deep roots and destructive effects in local communities, where cultural and linguistic norms either encourage or discourage this enslavement. By examining cultural attitudes towards success, machismo and violence, this paper discusses the vehicles by which the acceptability of mistreatment towards minorities, women and children is perpetuated to the next generation. By noting connections between poverty and human trafficking, the role of culture, geography and economics in local prevention measures is critically examined. Cultural and geographic differences among communities, which are often seen as hurdles to community awareness campaigns, are shown to be integral characteristics that must shape and define that message. Experiences of communities that have changed the paradigm of trafficked individuals from criminals to victims, demonstrates that education and sensitization of law enforcement can succeed when victim-protection laws are ineffective or nonexistent. This approach emphasizes the need to understand the unique perspectives and needs of individual communities before engaging in anti-trafficking dialogue and recommends culturally and linguistically sensitive approaches to education and sensitization.
The present-day abuses of migrant labour, human trafficking and bonded labour worldwide deserve long-overdue investigation by business academics into their causes and dynamics. Utilising data from
This article aims at reflecting, in the style of a story and not as a scientific or scholarly article, on a group therapy intervention with children of urban slums of Lima, populated by migrants from
Violence among the adolescents and adolescent delinquency often results in criminal charges and 14-18 year olds end up in the penitentiary facility. By the year 2005 only 26 adolescents were serving sentence in special juvenile facilities; however from 2006 onwards their number has increased drastically. At times the numbers of inmates reached 200, while today 162 juveniles are serving sentence. The rise of juvenile crime has become a debate issue for various groups of the Georgian society – education experts, psychologists, politicians are looking for the reasons of the situation at hand. We attempted a study of the demographic, social and academic profiles of adolescent inmates (the study of the Ministry of Education and Science, 2009), also taking into account our 5-year practice of working with juvenile convicts, which was aimed at supporting their resocialization and future reintegration into the society. In this work we will present a psychosocial portrait of an adolescent in the penitentiary system and consider the particular stress-factors that affect the juveniles and are determined by the specific features of the Georgian criminal subculture. We will also present 5 psychotypes of the adolescents in conflict with the law that were determined by the Freiburg personality test and will try to describe the self perception of the convicts while in confinement and after their sentence is served.
The Collapse of the soviet system caused prolonged political, economical and psychosocial difficulties for the society. On one hand, collapse of totalitarian regime gives opportunity for change and
Research on trauma brought on by the disappearance of a child is rare. The aim of our study was to increase understanding of uncertainty's role in the lives of those it affects, to present a narrative structure of the parents' testimonies, and to discern the origin of hope still felt by the parents. Sampling and Methods: Close reading and qualitative analysis of 29 testimonies given by parents whose sons disappeared during the Croatian War for Independence. Gender differences, categories, and frequencies of adjectives used were determined.
During our work in GCRT for years we attained significant experience in psycho-traumatology. In contemporary concept of psycho-traumatology a human is referred to as a bio-psycho-social being. In trauma, its psychological and physical integrity are infringed. Person: soul and body is one whole, so it's very important to treat a person at every level through holistic and multidisciplinary approach. Our goal is to present cases of our beneficiaries, who were victims of war and other types of violence and developed different kind of psycho-traumatic disorders. We would like to share our experience of treating and rehabilitating body and psyche as one whole. Several cases (rehabilitation process and results) are discussed. In each presented case psycho-traumatic disorders have been diagnosed and confirmed clinically.
In 2002, during the so called Peruvian transition period (2001-2003), the Center for Psychosocial Care (CAPS) an NGO committed to the recovery of mental health and human rights of victims of political violence, acknowledged the need to formalize a program complementary to the integral psychosocial care that would allow victims of the conflict, could face economic hardship in which the civil war had left them. At that time, Peru had no institutional system to support victims of the conflict. However, after the mandate of the Commission of Truth and Reconciliation, civil society took in their hands this responsibility. CAPS through its program of social and humanitarian aid, intended to help victims not only focusing on counseling, psychotherapy, psychiatry and physical health problems but also offering loans that would allow them self-generating revenues through the implementation of a project that could be individual or collective.