Collectively therapies directed towards the treatment of trauma are referred to as Trauma-Informed therapies. The types of trauma experienced, the age at which trauma are experienced, the addition of later trauma on top of early trauma, add to the complexity of the presentations we are confronted with. Careful application of the principles of psychotherapy in a phase-appropriate manner is recommended for those patients with this complexity – we refer to such people as having complex trauma.
From robbing oneself of one’s identity, which is central to one’s going on being, to interrupting the state of consciousness which keeps one integrated, trauma leads to a sense of personal loss, which can be recovered interpersonally through the therapeutic relationship, ending in a process akin to mourning. However, this process must be conducted in a manner that does not retraumatize or lead to decompensation. Most importantly Self is strengthened before traumatic memories are processed and the psychopathology inherent in these complex traumatic conditions addressed, in order to enable recovery.
In this seminar, I will briefly cover Trauma and its effects along with Trauma Theory and I will describe a Trauma-informed approach to psychotherapy using the Conversational Model.