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Improving School-based and Out of School Comprehensive Sexuality Education Curricula for Adolescents and Young People                             (Presented in Spanish)

Improving School-based and Out of School Comprehensive Sexuality Education Curricula for Adolescents and Young People (Presented in Spanish)

Introduction and objectives: In 2018, the United
Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) commissioned an
external evaluation to generate evidence on the relevance,
efficiency, effectiveness and sustainability of
interventions in Comprehensive Sexuality Education
(CSE) implemented in Latin America and the
Caribbean, to increase its impacts on the exercise of
sexual and reproductive rights of adolescents and
young people.
Method(s) and Sample: A mixed methods design
was used including review of documents, regional survey,
interviews with key informants and focus groups.
Six case studies were prepared (Colombia, Cuba,
Guatemala, Panama, Paraguay, and Venezuela), which
expanded the empirical basis for the identification of
good practices and lessons learned. The sample consisted
of 522 persons, including UNFPA staff, regional
experts, national counterparts and beneficiaries of the
Findings and discussion: Important achievements
were noted with regard to the inclusion of CSE in policies,
commitments, strategies, and programs, together
with advances in the design and implementation of
CSE curricula and capacity development programs for
teachers and health providers involved in out of school
initiatives delivered through the health services for adolescents
and young people. However, the evaluation
identified weaknesses in the design of the curricula, as
well as gaps between the curricula and implementation,
as in some cases, they are not delivered, or the delivery
lacks quality.
Recommendations: Strategic recommendations
focus on strengthening CSE political positioning in a
context of increasing activism of conservative sectors
opposed to CSE. With regards to programming issues,
the proposals point towards improving technical assistance
and quality support to school-based CSE and out
of school programs delivered through the health services
and at the community level. In both cases, it is
critical to ensure the alignment with international
standards, the implementation of activities to assess the
student’s learning, and the expansion of coverage so
that programs reach all adolescents and young people,
including the most vulnerable groups.
Keywords: Comprehensive Sexuality Education, Public
Policies and Programs, Curricula
Source of Funding: United Nations Population Fund
Conflict of Interest and Disclosure Statement: None