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The role of personality dimensions, trait affect and psychopathology on male sexual dysfunction.

The role of personality dimensions, trait affect and psychopathology on male sexual dysfunction.

Clinicians and researchers have been interested on the role played by psychological variables on sexual functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of Personality dimensions, trait affect and psychopathology on men’s sexual functioning. 18 men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction from Portuguese Sexology Clinics and 205 individuals from the community participated in this study. Participants answered the Sexual Dysfunction Interview (SDI – male version; Sbrocco, Weisberg, & Barlow, 1992), International Index Erectile Function (IIEF; Rosen, Riley, Wagner, Osterloh, Kirkpatrick, & Mishra,1997), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI; Derogatis & Spencer, 1982), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, & Erbaugh, (1961), NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and PANAS-X (Watson & Clark, 1994).

Regarding personality, findings indicated that men with sexual dysfunction presented higher levels of Neuroticism (p = .02) and lower levels of Extraversion (p = .03) when compared to sexually healthy men, although these results didn’t reach statistical significance. Regarding trait affect, men with sexual dysfunction presented significantly higher levels of trait negative affect (p < .05) and lower levels of trait positive affect (p < .05) compared to individuals without sexual problems. Finally, concerning Psychopathology, men presenting sexual problems showed higher levels of depressive symptoms (p < .05) than sexually healthy men.

Findings supported the importance of psychological variables on men’s sexual functioning. Men with sexual dysfunction present significant higher levels of trait negative affect and a lack of positive trait affect, and higher levels of depressive symptoms.

Speakers: Ana Gomes

WAS 2009

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