The construct of resilience has been viewed as the direct counterpart of factors that may jeopardize mental health, i.e., vulnerability and psychopathology. Any operationalization of resilience thus risks lying on the same latent continuum as indicators of mental illness, except indicating their absence. ln this population based study of mental health, protective and vulnerability factors, a second- order factor analysis and a hierarchical regression analysis approach was taken to test this assumption. A random selection of 1724 participants from the normal population of Norway responded to measures of resilience (Resilience Scale for Adults), depression and anxiety (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale) and vulnerability (the Habit lndex of Negative Thinking), as well as demographics.
All items were discriminated well by their primary factors. A second-order factor analysis extracted two components, which was confirmed on a hold-out sample by confirmatory factor methods. The Resilience Scale for Adults (RSA), measuring protective factors, correlated with both second-order factors. Thus, the RSA shared common variance with the negative mental health measures (i.e., vulnerability and psychopathology), as well as being unique from the illness indicators. A hierarchical regression analysis, testing for interactions between psychosocial stress, vulnerability and resilience, further supported the unique contributions of a resilience measure beyond measures of vulnerability RSA. The critic of resilience protective indicators as solely counterparts of vulnerability and psychopathology is thus not warranted.
The primary aim was to perform Jung’s original 100 Word Association Test (WAT) under fMR I conditions, to glimpse something of the neurobiological substrate of so-called ‘complex’ (emotionally disturbed) responses, and begin to evolve a generic neurobiological model for complexed reactions. 14 scans were collected. Subjects were all normal mental health professionals with some Jungian analytic training. A version of Jung’s WAT adapted for fMRI conditions was performed in a 4 Tesla fMRI Unit at the Brain Research Centre Wesley Hospital, Brisbane. Two lots of 339 volumes (36 slices per volume) were acquired for each subject. Keeping to standard postperformance WAT protocols, a post-test interview allowed the identification, for each subject, of three (variably overlapping) sets of Index responses; a Time Delay (TD) Set (0.4 seconds above Probable Mean), a Self-Reported Complex (SRC) set, and a set of responses with Semantic Markers of Complexed activity (SMC).
A discussion around the real signification of spirituality with discrimination with religion. The aim of Jungian psychotherapy is to consider human being as unique and in the same time universal. We
Parkinson’s disease (PD) has a number of psychiatric symptoms that should be notice. There is a high prevalence of psychopathologic symptoms and signs such as depression, anxiety, deliriums, hallucinations, apathy, cognitive impairment, and sexual dysfunctions (Ferreri, et al 2006). These symptoms can occur as a result of pathologic brain changes or as a reaction to the disease process and treatment related side effects.
Clinicians and researchers have been interested on the role played by psychological variables on sexual functioning. The aim of this study was to investigate the importance of Personality dimensions, trait affect and psychopathology on men's sexual functioning. 18 men diagnosed with sexual dysfunction from Portuguese Sexology Clinics and 205 individuals from the community participated in this study. Participants answered the Sexual Dysfunction Interview (SDI – male version; Sbrocco, Weisberg, & Barlow, 1992), International Index Erectile Function (IIEF; Rosen, Riley, Wagner, Osterloh, Kirkpatrick, & Mishra,1997), Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI; Derogatis & Spencer, 1982), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI; Beck, Ward, Mendelson, Mock, & Erbaugh, (1961), NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI; Costa & McCrae, 1992) and PANAS-X (Watson & Clark, 1994).