This presentation aims to emphasis Neurofeedback as one of the approaches of STARTTS’ Bio-Psycho-Social Model in order to strengthen clients’ capacities making them more sustainable to deal with complex PTSD, by regulating the clients’ nervous system.
Torture and trauma survivors are people that have experienced a significant level of prolonged stress over considerable period of time. They developed strategies in order to survive and were able to escape life threatening situations, looking for safe and secure life conditions. Moreover they are individuals who are resilient, who were able to survive horrifying event while utilising their strengths and capacities to survive and look for their better future.
Once torture and trauma survivors feel safe the symptoms associated with the complex presentation of PTSD occur and inhibit the clients’ verbal capacity to describe their problems though a classical therapeutical approaches. Commonly once they migrate to a new country they might feel misunderstood and unacknowledged by other people. Often they withdraw from social contacts and conceal their experiences often not being able to share it due to a limited of verbal expressions, even in their first language.
The brain is a flexible and resilient organ, which learns how to balance production of neurotransmitters. The main task of Neurofeedback, a form of biofeedback therapy, is to enhance brain capacities and connectivity between the left and the right hemisphere. This makes brain more stable, stabilises brain functions, reduces psychological symptoms of hyper-arousal quickly, which in turn increases clients’ motivation for the classical treatments, while fully utilising clients’ strengths and capacities.
Recorded at the NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS)
November 2007, New South Wales, Australia.
Visit STARTTS at : www.STARTTS.org.au
Evidence suggests that even basic information about trauma related symptoms and issues can help traumatised people to understand their traumatic experiences and to make sense of their symptoms. How the clients react to the intrusions depends on how they view the nature of these symptoms. This lecture defines psychoeducation and explains the use of techniques in clarifying and reframing that can assist clients to correct their misconceptions about trauma symptoms and disorders. It is important for clients to understand that people who suffer PTSD often re-experience the traumatic events through intrusive thoughts and ideation, through dreams as traumatic nightmares, and sometimes even through flashbacks.
The trauma, shock and suffering experienced through the recent acts of terrorism, such as September 11th and the subsequent ‘War on Terror’, has had an enomorous psychosocial impact on Muslims resettling in Australia. Many have experienced re-traumatisation accompanied by severe posttraumatic symptoms, grief and loss reactions, anger, resentment, survivor guilt, anxiety and depression. However, the situation has become further complicated through the association of terrorism with Islam and being Muslim It has become common to hear reports of stigmatization, fear, rejection, harassment and discrimination experienced by Muslims.
The aim of the presentation is to highlight importance as well as complexity of the psychological assessment of torture and trauma survivors treated at the NSW Service for the Treatment and Rehabilitation of Torture and Trauma Survivors (STARTTS). STRATTS’ clients have experienced multiple traumas; being severely maltreated and persecuted. They face difficulties on the individual, family, community and society levels, suffering from chronic general health conditions and dealing with severe psychological symptoms.
This paper is based on 18 years of field experience in Asia, Africa, and Australia, researching the rape and sexual abuse of refugee and IDP women and girls in conflict situations, camps and urban refugee settings. These actions are often based on notions of depriving women of “honour” and thus shaming individuals, families and communities. In some cases it is used as a form of ethnic cleansing.
This lecture presents a case study using a psychodynamic model for therapeutic work with a refugee child from Iraq. The model draws on parent and teacher interviews, transference and counter-transference phenomena, and play behaviour to formulate a hypothesis about the causes of the child’s anxieties. Importantly, the value of play and playfulness is emphasised throughout therapy.
Schools are in an excellent position to support children, young people and families of refugee background in their resettlement and recovery from trauma.VFST prioritises supporting schools through the
The presentation will cover the rationale and benefits of conducting groups with students from refugee backgrounds in the school context. Challenges that arise when running groups will be discussed