The 10 year barbaric civil war in Sierra Leone saw human rights violations perpetrated against the general population. Consequently a high percentage of the population suffered from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder, Bipolar Affective Disorders, and Alcohol and Substance Abuse. In this presentation Dr Nahim will explore the medical and culturally available treatments used with traumatised war survivors. He will highlight the significance of traditional healing in the treatment of severe mental illness in Sierra Leone, a country where the outside world is blamed for the cause of problems such as being evil with witchcraft, evil spirits, juju, witch gun and fangay. These cultural and traditional methods include religious prayers and counselling, herbal treatment, JuJu rituals, sacrifices and clandestine rituals.