262 audiotaped psychotherapy sessions from 81 individual therapies were rated completely on treatment adherence by independent blind raters using a newly developed rating manual. Different types of psychotherapy differed highly significantly in levels of treatment adherence, but treatment outcomes in either therapy approach was not predicted by level of therapists’ treatment adherence. Besides treatment adherence other nonspecific variables were investigated such as treatment alliance, therapists degree of professional experience, patients amount of psychological burden when they entered treatment, length of treatment and others.
Treatment adherence may play an indirect role with respect to treatment outcome when patients’ severity of psychological problems and its impact on the treatment alliance as well as therapists’ degree of professional experience are taken into account. The paper discusses the role of treatment fidelity in psychotherapy and the implications of this research and other recent meta-analyses with regard to the specifity versus nonspecifity debate in psychotherapy.
Nkangala is the Chichewa word for mouth-bough or musical bow. This instrument is played by women in Malawi, south-east Africa. During a field research trip in July 2013, Christine Korischek, was able to get some basic instructions on how to play the Nkangala with two women, Cecilia and Elena Gatchepa, in southern Malawi. The personal experience of playing this instrument and the information given by her two teachers are the source of this attempt at exploring the psychotherapeutic effects that are operant when playing the musical bow. In the first part of the talk the Nkangala will be introduced. Brief information on the history of the mouth bow in southern Malawi, as well as how it is made and played will be given. The main part of the talk includes descriptions of experiences when playing the Nkangala and an attempt at investigating on the psychotherapeutic effects. Since the sound projected out is low, the mouth bow is usually played in solitude and not for a large audience.
This study investigates the impact of Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy - Impact on Depressed Outpatients of State Hospital Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria. The sample comprised of 32 men and women 18 years and above. The instrument used for screening was Beck Scale for Suicide Ideation (BSS) while Beck Depression Inventory -II (BDI-II) was used for data collection. The research design adopted for this study was Pre Post Experimental Design. Four research hypotheses were formulated and tested at 0.05 level of significance. Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) was the statistical tool employed for processing the data collected.
Internationally, Dialectical Behavioural Therapy is a well-established treatment modality for Borderline Personality Disorder and other affect deregulated disorders. However, it is very labour intensive, and is a huge demand on resources. Ward 4&5, the specialist psychotherapy unit at Tara hospital in Johannesburg offers a DBT based in-patient programme for patients who struggle with various personality disorders as well as mood and anxiety disorders.
Eating Disorders are often misunderstood and rarely examined from a scientific viewpoint. This presentation explains the neurochemical, genetic and environmental etiology of eating disorders and the treatment implications. Participants will learn assessment tools, have a more complete understanding of these disorders and have proven methods to help their patients. There are neurochemical changes that occur in patients with eating disorders. Anorexia Nervosa and Bulimia Nervosa have different chemicals that promote the respective disorders. Studies are now showing that binge eating can alter brain functioning and promote addiction-like properties in response to some foods.
When Perls wrote "Ego, Hunger and Aggression" in the 1940's, after having sought refuge in South Africa, fleeing the Holocaust in Europe, the development of Professional Competencies for Psychotherapists was probably not first on his mind. Over the recent decade and since establishing laws regulating the psychotherapeutic profession in different countries, it has become increasingly important to develop our skills to a professional level. Now 70 years later and returning to Gestalt therapy's origins we would like to present the EAGT document about specific competencies of Gestalt therapists originating out of an initiative of EAP with the aim of establishing psychotherapeutic professional standards across Europe.
Literature shows that HIV infection is often related to mental distress also because psychological features, symptomatic or not, become clearly manifested, after diagnosis and beginning of HAART. In a previous work we evaluated that psychological approaches are important but they give only support, enhancing the relationships of patients. In many cases these relationships are dysfunctional too. A brief psychodynamic psychotherapy focused on supporting the psychological distress of patients but also on emerging unconscious valid elements as an important skill for self-maturation and independence.