Collective violence, armed conflicts and human rights violations are produced by a variety of political, economic and cultural factors. The weight and the interaction of these factors vary per conflict. Conflicts can be analyzed in a trans-disciplinary way to obtain a global understanding of the relative contribution of the causative elements. Post-conflict resolution involves the translation of risk factors into multilevel, multi-sector, and multimodal interventions implemented by international agencies, governments and (non)governmental organizations. This lecture describes a public health model that addresses the risk factors and translates them in resilience. The model enables interventionists to empower communities, strengthen protective factors, and enhance resilience by translating risk factors into preventive, rehabilitative, and reconstructive interventions The model also addresses the limited but essential role of the health care and the education sector and the complementarity of the different actors in post-conflict reconstruction.