The paper explores the principles of self-reliance and connects them to the sustainability concept drawing examples from Bangladesh. It argues that there is a need for an alternative model for development in traditional, predominantly rural communities which avoids creating dependence on foreign aid and allows for the empowering of local people to trust in their own capabilities and spirit. Self-reliance as an alternative to the western model if properly understood and applied can bring hope for a brighter and more sustainable future.
Complexity theory is recognised as the New Science that conceptualises the universe as a system of communicating systems. As such, everything in the universe is better understood by exploring the dynamic, nonlinear relationships between the parts that make up the whole. Psychoanalytic Complexity Theory provides a new, but familiar contribution to contemporary psychoanalytic theory and practice.
“Reliance on God” is one of the spiritual virtues and a major stage in the ascension toward God’s proximity. Its practice is highly recommended for believers (Kor.26:217). Prophet Mohammad is told: “Put your trust in God, He suffices as a guardian” (33:3). Allah also mentions that true believers put their trust in their Lord (Kor. 8:2). God calls Himself dependable, trustworthy, and manifests Himself throughout the Koran accordingly.
The area of spirituality and health is developing as an academic field of enquiry, and this new perspective is beginning to be incorporated into training programs for medical doctors and health practitioners. A cloud of suspicion hovers over the issue of ‘spirituality’ in the health and therapy professions. Part of the problem arises from the fact that a lot of activities go on under the umbrella term spirituality, and some of these warrant a critical eye. However, as an offspring of the Intellectual Enlightenment, medicine itself has had a materialist bias toward human nature, and until recently has merely bracketed out the spiritual aspects of health and healing.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent