During its lifespan the church has struggled with questions concerning right and wrong. Sexuality has always been a fundamental part of its ethical teaching in theory and in practice. For centuries the church has told people what is permitted and prohibited in their sexual life. The Reformation in the 16th century brought a radical change: Martin Luther divided earthly and spiritual regime and stated that ethics belongs to earthly matters.
In Lutheran theology morality is considered to be the responsibility of an individual person. Thus moral decisions can be made using human reason without referring to religious dogma. Also sexual appetite belongs to the earthly regime and is one of the natural functions like eating.
However, Lutheran church, along with the majority of Christian churches, still insists that sexuality issues should be addressed according to religious conventions. Because of this churches have major problems in dealing with homosexuality and non-marital relationships, for example. In these issues their attachment to “Christian sexual ethics” seems to promote inequality and even support hate-speech.
In Protestant tradition religious dogmas are seen as unchanging, but ethics is subject to temporal and cultural changes. However, above-mentioned issues often contradict this and evoke arguments based on scripture and divine world-order. The value of such religious approaches in ethical research and discussion are very questionable and it must be asked if there is any future for them at all? Surely loving one’s neighbor is valuable, but its message is not convincing unless it is verified in practice.
Complexity theory is recognised as the New Science that conceptualises the universe as a system of communicating systems. As such, everything in the universe is better understood by exploring the dynamic, nonlinear relationships between the parts that make up the whole. Psychoanalytic Complexity Theory provides a new, but familiar contribution to contemporary psychoanalytic theory and practice.
“Reliance on God” is one of the spiritual virtues and a major stage in the ascension toward God’s proximity. Its practice is highly recommended for believers (Kor.26:217). Prophet Mohammad is told: “Put your trust in God, He suffices as a guardian” (33:3). Allah also mentions that true believers put their trust in their Lord (Kor. 8:2). God calls Himself dependable, trustworthy, and manifests Himself throughout the Koran accordingly.
The area of spirituality and health is developing as an academic field of enquiry, and this new perspective is beginning to be incorporated into training programs for medical doctors and health practitioners. A cloud of suspicion hovers over the issue of ‘spirituality’ in the health and therapy professions. Part of the problem arises from the fact that a lot of activities go on under the umbrella term spirituality, and some of these warrant a critical eye. However, as an offspring of the Intellectual Enlightenment, medicine itself has had a materialist bias toward human nature, and until recently has merely bracketed out the spiritual aspects of health and healing.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent