Understandings of resilience which primarily focus on the individual are of limited applicability unless we recognise the historical, economic and political factors in which social life occurs. To explore the social foundations of resilience is to chart the ongoing influence of these factors. An appreciation of this context is pivotal to any understanding of the current situation of indigenous young Australians. social and economic disadvantage which so profoundly affects indigenous Australian populations is directly attributable to effects of colonial policy, institutionalised discrimination and contemporary racism. The neo-colonial continuation of such practices can be seen in the reproduction of Aboriginality as problematic, and indigenous people as at high risk and requiring intensive intervention and governance.
The social determinants of resilience are thereby obscured by a focus on particular individual risk factors. Understanding and acknowledging social resilience acts as a counterforce to this approach. A group of indigenous young men participating in research exploring the development of social resilience decided to confront the problems they experienced in their rural community. This paper discusses the themes central to social resilience that are highlighted by these young men, and which challenge or subvert the notion of Aboriginality as problematic. the innovative processes that these young indigenous men have set in train are described. They overturn traditional thinking and practice about ‘risk’.
Since 2009, the Victorian syphilis enhanced surveillance system has been collecting HIV status and syphilis re-infection status for infectious syphilis cases. Baseline data from 2009 showed that 31% of the infectious syphilis cases were HIV positive and 18% reported were re-infections. This suggested that syphilis transmission among a pool of HIV positive MSM was making a considerable contribution to the syphilis epidemic in Victoria. We analysed the data from 2009 to 2012 to determine whether this pattern of transmission is continuing. Notification data for infectious syphilis between 2009 and 2012 were reviewed by HIV infection status, syphilis re-infection status and risk factor exposures.
HPV16 causes ~75% of HPV-associated anal cancer. Homosexual men are at greatly increased risk, but there are few data on the seroepidemiology of HPV16 in this population. We aim to determine the prevalence, incidence and risk factors for HPV16 seropositivity among community-based cohorts of homosexual Australian men.
Almost 40% of all induced abortions in Sweden are repeat induced abortions; however, there is limited knowledge about risk factors. The object of this presentation is to investigate risk factors among women and men with repeat abortion. A Swedish cross-sectional study; 590 men (range 16-63 yrs); 798 women (range 14-49 yrs) involved in an abortion during 2009. A questionnaire was used and a regression model examined risk factors associated with repeat abortion (SPSS 17.0).