This presentation explores legal approaches to gender identity and gender expression in Europe and Latin America. In particular, the presentation will highlight the tension between a focus on the right to health services and treatment and the problems that a medicalization of non-conforming gender expressions imply from a human rights perspective.
By examining laws and cases from the two regions-including court jurisprudence and legislation from Germany, Spain, Kazakhstan, Colombia and Peru, as well as from the European Court of Human Rights-this paper will address the following questions: How can the law protect the rights of transgendered individuals, and what difference does a human rights perspective make? Is the ‘right to health’ perspective a fruitful way to address gender identity issues at all? If so, how can the right to health and treatment for transgendered individuals be promoted through the law while also protecting their self-determination and right to dignity? For example, the European Court of Human Rights suggests that transgendered individuals should be entitled to state funding for gender reassignment, relying on the definition of ‘Gender Identity Disorder’ in ICD-10 and DSM-IV. However, the same Court has also recognized the freedom to define oneself as male or female as one of the most basic aspects of self-determination. Differing perspectives on this issue partly contradict one other and may result in different logical conclusions with different human rights implications.
Sexually traumatized patients often have problems with flashbacks, nightmares and avoidance. This workshop teaches an integrated method for trauma relief, combining knowledge from NLP, psycho dynamic therapy, cognitive therapy and modern trauma research. The method is based on the human memory storing system, which functions in the same way in all human beings. This means that the method easily can be used cross-culturally and for all gender combinations.
To explore how sexual health and sexual ethics are represented in the Bible and how these are relevant to the 21st century. God created humans as physical and relational beings. Sexuality is a good, healthy element of that created physical relatedness, with three functions: relational bonding; mutual pleasure; and procreation. The biblical pattern for sexual expression which best accords with these functions is heterosexual monogamy.
How should the Public Health Model be applied so it really contributes to improved sexual health for all? Public Health recognizes three levels of prevention - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Primary prevention involves prevention of the disease or injury itself, Fluoride, Immunization, Education to avoid smoking and substance abuse. Secondary prevention blocks the progression of an injury or disease from an impairment to a disability. An impairment has already occurred, but disability may be prevented through early intervention.
The UK has among the highest teenage pregnancy and STI rates in Western Europe and strategies to reduce these outcomes have a high priority. This paper seeks to draw lessons from the rigorous evaluations of three sexual health initiatives: SHARE (a cluster randomised trial (CRT) of teacher-delivered sex education), RIPPLE (CRT of peer-delivered school sex education) and Healthy Respect Phase 2 (a quasi-experimental study of a multi-component Scottish national sexual health demonstration project encompassing youth friendly sexual health drop-ins, social marketing, branding, a parenting component and SHARE).
This symposium will focus on presentation of the results and discussion of a ground-breaking study into the cost and cost-effectiveness of sexuality education (SE) in six countries, commissioned by UNESCO in 2010. Why an economic analysis? Policy-makers all over the world, involved in decisions on school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes, are facing three important economic questions: what are the costs of developing the programmes, what are the costs of implementing and scaling up the programmes, and do the programmes provide value for money?
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent