Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) continues to present a significant global problem. Sexual violence is often one aspect of IPV. A significant amount of personal and social cost arises from IPV, particularly when sexual violence is experienced. Many victimised women engage in alcohol/other drug use as a way of coping, which presents additional problems. This presentation will raise awareness of the impact of different forms of IPV and the particular impact of sexual violence when compared to victimisation where no sexual violence is experienced.
Results of this study may assist in the development of more effective prevention and intervention guidelines for professionals working with women who have experienced sexual violence as part of IPV victimisation.
Objectives: The overall aim of this study was to compare different forms of IPV victimisation with particular focus on sexual violence in association with mental health and behavioural problems.
Method: A non-experimental, quantitative research design was employed. Participants consisted of 227 adult community women residing in Perth, Western Australia, who completed a self administered anonymous paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Existing questions and tools were used, which all have been tested for reliability and validity. Descriptive statistics, Chi-Square and Regression Analyses were employed to examine the data.
Results: This study found that IPV where sexual violence is experienced has the most severe impact on mental health and health risk behaviour. In fact, results suggested that sexual violence plays a key role in the manifestation of associated problems.
Conclusion: This study contributes to an increased understanding of the extensive negative impact of IPV, particularly when sexual violence is involved. These issues are relevant for the whole society as negative effects of victimisation may be felt for many years and transgress from one generation to another. Implications suggest that professionals encountering women subjected to sexual violence as part of IPV should negotiate a careful path through the maze of fear, betrayal, pain and emotional injury to offer these women and their children a space of safety and help.
This paper is based on 18 years of field experience in Asia, Africa, and Australia, researching the rape and sexual abuse of refugee and IDP women and girls in conflict situations, camps and urban refugee settings. These actions are often based on notions of depriving women of “honour” and thus shaming individuals, families and communities. In some cases it is used as a form of ethnic cleansing.
Medica Mondiale is an international non-governmental organization who supports women and girls who have been sexually violated during war and civil conflict. It also provides services for women affected by other forms of gender-based violence in post-war and conflict zones. medica mondiale built and supports women’s psychosocial and counselling and training centres in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Albania, Kosovo, Afghanistan, Liberia and DRCongo and supports small scale psychosocial projects for women affected by violence in Cambodia, East Timor, Iraq, Israel, Nepal, Mexico, Sierra Leone, South Africa, Turkey and Uganda.
Gender based violence (GBV) is complex and reflects interactive processes from several levels of social ecology: individual characteristics of perpetrators and victims, family dynamics, influences from the proximal social context, effective identification of violence, legal framework, efficiency of repressive responses towards perpetrators, protection and support of victims systems, practice and norms of the professional systems, and societal values. The harm of GBV and domestic violence (DV) affect children’s short and long term development, psychosocial functioning in adulthood, partner relations in the present and future families, parent- children relations, physical and psychological consequences of exposure to violence, high economic costs of violence.
In Papua New Guinea (PNG), sexual violence (SV) is widespread and best practices are being implemented to improve responses to SV. One area has been legislate and programing reform. Such reforms aim to increase access to legal support for victims of SV to pursue prosecution of the perpetrator, a process predicated on the reporting such acts.
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