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A comparison of the Impacts of Intimate Partner Violence when Sexual Violence is or is not experienced

A comparison of the Impacts of Intimate Partner Violence when Sexual Violence is or is not experienced

Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) continues to present a significant global problem. Sexual violence is often one aspect of IPV. A significant amount of personal and social cost arises from IPV, particularly when sexual violence is experienced. Many victimised women engage in alcohol/other drug use as a way of coping, which presents additional problems. This presentation will raise awareness of the impact of different forms of IPV and the particular impact of sexual violence when compared to victimisation where no sexual violence is experienced. 

Results of this study may assist in the development of more effective prevention and intervention guidelines for professionals working with women who have experienced sexual violence as part of IPV victimisation.

Objectives: The overall aim of this study was to compare different forms of IPV victimisation with particular focus on sexual violence in association with mental health and behavioural problems.

Method: A non-experimental, quantitative research design was employed. Participants consisted of 227 adult community women residing in Perth, Western Australia, who completed a self administered anonymous paper-and-pencil questionnaire. Existing questions and tools were used, which all have been tested for reliability and validity. Descriptive statistics, Chi-Square and Regression Analyses were employed to examine the data.

Results: This study found that IPV where sexual violence is experienced has the most severe impact on mental health and health risk behaviour. In fact, results suggested that sexual violence plays a key role in the manifestation of associated problems.

Conclusion: This study contributes to an increased understanding of the extensive negative impact of IPV, particularly when sexual violence is involved. These issues are relevant for the whole society as negative effects of victimisation may be felt for many years and transgress from one generation to another. Implications suggest that professionals encountering women subjected to sexual violence as part of IPV should negotiate a careful path through the maze of fear, betrayal, pain and emotional injury to offer these women and their children a space of safety and help.

Areas of Interest / Categories: Sexual Violence

Sexual Violence

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