The categories that individuals use to understand themselves are positioned in specific socio-historical contexts, and are not fixed but rather fluid, changing as social discourses do. This presentation focuses on the case of individuals who identify as x-gender (x-jendaa) in Japan. X-gender emerged in the 1990s, and refers to a non-gender conforming identity (similar to, for example, gender-queer used in the Anglosphere). Using Ken Plummer’s work on sexual stories, I examine the stories through which x-gender individuals come to understand their gender identity, focusing specifically on the issue of sexuality.
This presentation demonstrates how understandings of gender identity and sexuality are changing in Japan, and how the line between gender identity and sexuality cannot be conclusively drawn.
Methods: In-depth qualitative interviews were conducted with 25 individuals who identify themselves as x-gender. Informants were found through online recruiting. Each interview took place in person, and lasted between one to four hours. Initial interviews were conducted in 2011, follow-up interviews between July 2013 and January 2014 and additionally in early 2015.
Results: Some informants describe their gender identity in terms of their sexuality, e.g. describing their desired relationships in terms of gender roles (being treated as a “woman,” desiring as a “man”). It was also through gender roles that some informants distinguished themselves from homosexuality. Current understandings of gender (shaped by the discourse of gender identity disorder – GID as well as traditional gender roles) and sexuality (e.g. homosexuality as gender normative or sexually reciprocal) play into how individuals understand their sexuality and in turn gender identity.
Conclusion: Changing social discourses lead to the formation of new gender identities and understandings of sexuality. The line between gender identity and sexuality is ambiguous, and how individuals understand their gender identity is intertwined with how they understand their sexuality and desires in relationships.
The concept of gender dysphoria is a subject of intense controversy and debate. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbid disorders and sexual behavior of 84 gender dysphoric (gender identity disorder) persons, diagnosed according to DSM-5 and divided into 54 female-to-male (FTM) and 30 male-tofemale (MTF).
Objective: Through this research on the sexual life of wrinkly and elderly women in China, we hope to understand the status of sexual health of the aged Chinese women.
Introduction and objectives: Homosexuality has been considered a mental health disorder and this pathological view was challenged four decades ago culminating in diagnostic systems (the ICD and DSM) regarding it as an alternative lifestyle rather than a pathological state. Homosexual individuals are prone to psychological distress, which may manifest as depression and suicidal ideation. This has been attributed to the lingering discrimination homosexual individuals are exposed to. There is a dearth of information in Nigeria with regards to this topic and this work is an attempt to fill this gap. The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in homosexual students and heterosexual controls in a Nigerian university.
An audit of Western Australian universities found pre-service teachers have limited opportunity to study health-related courses (termed units in Australia), and when they are offered there is often little focus on Sexuality and Relationships Education (SRE). Curtin University has recently established an undergraduate course for Bachelor of Education students, which focuses solely on the delivery of evidence-based SRE.
Mandatory sexual education in Mexican elementary schools still faces parents’ opposition under the arguments that their children are not old enough to be exposed to the subject. Through their own children’s drawings, this research proved to parents that their children had already been exposed to great extent of sexual information that needs scientific and correct guidance. The main objective of this exploratory study was to assess, through children’s drawings, their views about pregnancy at an early age and use the results to promote, among the parents, the acceptance of sexual education programs at the schools.
With the development of internet, cell phones and SNS, the new media has provided a huge opportunity for China to carry out sexual health education activities. We hope to use all these new media to promote Chinese sexual health.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent