Objective: Empirical evidence on women’s genital image perceptions in the general population and their opinions towards FGCS is lacking. The main objective is to determine the prevailing views of Australian women about their attitudes towards their genital image and their views about FGCS. How women feel towards their genitalia is a neglected psycho-sexual health issue and it is envisaged this study will shed light on the issues women may face.
Method: This internet based survey elicited responses of 771 women aged 18 years and above. Participants completed a series of questionnaires: Female Genital Image Scale (Morrison, Ellis, Bearden, & Harrimann, 2004). Using Sarwer’s (2005) Cosmetic Surgery Attitudes Questionnaire as a template, we developed the Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery Attitudes Questionnaire. In the absence of available measures the Female Genital Cosmetic Surgery Procedures Questionnaire was designed.
Results: • More than half of women (52%) were satisfied with the overall appearance of their genitalia. • 38% of women were not satisfied with at least one aspect of their genitalia. • 16% of women were dissatisfied with overall appearance of their genitalia. • Of note – 20% of women were dissatisfied with the appearance of their labia minora. • 10% of women who were dissatisfied with their genital appearance would consider having a FGCS procedure in the future. • Poor genital image correlated negatively with women wanting to have some type of FGCS in the future.
Discussion: An important finding is that acceptance of FGCS is negatively related to genital image dissatisfaction. This indicates that women who have poor genital image may be more accepting to undergo some type of FGCS procedure. Findings suggest that women and girls are increasingly anxious about the appearance and function of their genitals. Genital image dissatisfaction could explain why there has been an increase in these surgeries. An important implication of the study is that women with poor genital image can potentially have unnecessary and harmful surgery. Solutions other than surgery need to be considered.
Much debate and controversy has ensued regarding the contentious and subjective definition, diagnosis, measurement and treatment of desire problems for both men and women as various editions of the Diagnostic Statistical Manual (DSM) have been published (DSM V edition). Despite the recent changes for women, the fact that the criteria for men remains the same, reflects a huge paucity in understanding how male sexual desire varies; how ‘lower’ desire manifests, how it is diagnosed and subsequently managed (Bitzer, Giraldi, Pfauss 2013).
Offering clients an interdisciplinary and approach in dealing with sexual dysfunctions has been shown to positively impact on client and relational outcomes. Viewing a sexual concern from one lens or perspective i.e. medical or psychological can fail to achieve the best outcome for clients. Ejaculatory disorders are the most common presenting problems for men.
Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common male sexual disorder which is associated with substantial personal and interpersonal negative psychological consequences and reduced quality of life for both sufferer and partner. Reliable information on the prevalence of PE in the general male population is lacking. There is a substantial disparity between the incidence of PE in epidemiological studies which rely upon either patient self-report of PE and/or inconsistent and poorly validated definitions of PE and that suggested by community based stopwatch studies of the intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT).
Problems of sexual desire are often cited as the most prevalent of the female sexual dysfunctions. Despite this finding, considerable variability exists when comparing prevalence figures across studies, highlighting the inconsistency in how these problems are defined and therefore measured. The current study was designed to determine how the prevalence estimates of women's sexual desire problems vary according to the diagnostic criteria adopted to define such problems.
Assessment and intervention regarding sexuality in partner relationships following brain injury.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent