Poverty is a global problem. Despite its universal character and structural nature, the ways in which poverty is perceived, experienced and explained are all affected by gendered and local cultural views. Qualitative research on poverty is based on the assumption that the local, indigenous, lay knowledge is a necessary and complementary source of information for understanding and finding sustainable solutions to the problem. The uniqueness of this approach is that it enables reaching the voices of individuals while still being able to arrive at a level of generalization which can inform further research.
ln other words such theory-rich research method has the potential to both reach voices of people living in poverty, who generally, do not take part in the poverty discourse, and enhance the knowledge base of the poverty phenomenon, by providing theory grounded in data. Drawing on findings from several qualitative studies conducted among people living in poverty from diverse cultural communities in lsrael, this presentation looks at the role of gender and culture in the representation of poverty and discusses their further impact on the social construction of coping. At the theoretical level, the presentation will contribute to the conceptualization of a grounded theory of poverty and coping. Finally, methodological and practical implications will be discussed.
Globalisation has produced a 'risk society' that has increased structural inequalities within and between countries, and made the quality of life poorer for billions of children, women and men inhabiting planet Earth. Despite the doom and gloom, people have developed coping strategies, strengths and resiliences that minimise their vulnerabilities and enable them to survive. Resilience has been defined as the capacity to surmount adversity.
Taking a strengths approach may or may not come easy for the practitioner working in the human services field. We are trained to use empowerment, to find the power and strength within the individual and
Social work is broad discipline, incorporating a wide range of different perspectives and theories such as sociology, psychology, social anthropology, political sciences and others. Theories drawn from these disciplines are important for the development of social work theory and practice, offering heterogeneous interpretative framework for social work theory building. They are ranging from micro, individually based approaches dealing with the questions of interaction, communication, or networks between individuals, towards macro approaches focusing on power relationships and social change by and for individuals, groups and communities and within social agencies (Staub-Bernasconi 2009).
Perception and what influences perception lies at the heart of a holistic approach. In assessing the effectiveness of an approach to counselling and psychotherapy, the question “what constitutes effectiveness and how is this seen” must be considered. This raises the question of the lens used for looking. In this presentation I will show how we live in the tiparadigm, which focuses on process, on an unfolding stream of awareness that recognizes both the subtle unseen forces of the universe as well as manifest reality. It sees the human being as an incarnating spirit infusing every aspect of the physical substance (body) with consciousness and mediated by soul/psyche.