The analysis is based on a review of my own research (e.g., Shaver 1985; 2005a), research conducted with several colleagues and community partners (e.g., Lewis et al. 2005; STAR 2005, 2005a), and the research of others (e.g., Jeffrey & MacDonald 2006; Lowman 1998).
The buying and selling of sexual services is legal in Canada but, there are laws prohibiting a variety of activities related to sex work that are judged to be harmful. This approach is referred to as criminalization with toleration. Over the last few years many academic researchers—along with sex workers, their allies and their organizations—have presented evidence supporting the full decriminalization of sex work (e.g., Davis 2008; Lowman 1998; O’Doherty 2008; Shaver 1985, 2005a). In spite of this growing body of evidence, social and legal reforms have been slow to materialize. In conclusion, I set out some guidelines and strategies for continuing to move forward (in spite of the current legal setting).
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent