Please Sign In or Create an account
Transgender identities and practices: preliminary results of a national multi-centric survey in France

Transgender identities and practices: preliminary results of a national multi-centric survey in France

A multicentric national survey concerning “trans” identities and practices was carried out in France in 2009-2010. Trans individuals were recruited through Public Hospital Clinics (19%), Private practice health professionals (30%) and Transgender NGO’s (37%). 381 “trans” individuals completed a self-administered questionnaire and mailed it back to the research team anonymously. The questionnaire included socio-demographic items, questions on transgender health and sexuality for a total of 117 questions. 26% reported that they were female at birth and 73% male at birth.

The questionnaire included an open-ended question about “self-defined gender identity”. About 200 different responses were given and categorized via content analysis. Among those assigned as male at birth: 52% defined themselves as “women”, 22% as “transwomen” and 13% as “trans”. Among those assigned as female at birth: 50% defined themselves as “men”, 23% as “transmen” and 12% as “trans”. The various options expressed by the respondents in their own words appear to be more associated with their various modes of transition (hormonal treatment, sex reassignment surgery, other surgery, etc.) than their assigned gender at birth. The presentation will sketch the social and psychological correlates of the various gender identity profiles found in this study.
This survey allows one to describe the wide spectrum of subjective expressions of gender variance among “trans” individuals living in France. It appears that it is more accurate to refer to these individuals in terms of their self-defined gender identity rather than in terms of their assigned gender at birth.

Speakers: Alain J Giami
Conference: WAS Glasgow 2011