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Cross-Cultural Studies on Cognitive and Emotional Factors of Sexual Dysfunction

Cross-Cultural Studies on Cognitive and Emotional Factors of Sexual Dysfunction

Recently Nobre and Pinto-Gouveia (2003, 2006) have emphasized the strong influence of the cognitive and emotional phenomena on sexual functioning in both men and women. Data from these studies is being replicated in different cultural settings. The aim of the study is to investigate the differences and similarities on cognitive and emotional variables between participants with and without sexual difficulties across six different countries (Portugal, United States, Turkey, Brazil, United Kingdom, and Italy).

A total of 1200 subjects participated in the study. A clinical sample of 50 men and 50 women and a control sample of 50 men and 50 women from each of the six countries. Several measures were used to assess different dimensions: Cognitive and emotional variables (QSASC, Nobre & Pinto-Gouveia, 2001; SDBQ, Nobre, Pinto-Gouveia, & Gomes, 2003; SMQ, Nobre & Pinto-Gouveia, 2003), Sexual Functioning (IIEF, Rosen et al, 1997; FSFI, Rosen et al, 2000), Relationship (DAS, Spanier, 1976), Depression (BDI, Beck et al., 1961), medical conditions (MHF, Wincze & Carey, 2000)
Results from the Portuguese study showed that sexually dysfunctional males present dysfunctional sexual beliefs, tend to activate more negative self-schemas (incompetence) whenever they experience negative sexual events, and present more frequent negative automatic thoughts and emotions during sexual activity. Similarly, women with sexual dysfunction present higher age related and body image beliefs and tend to activate more self-incompetence schemas when experiencing sexual unsuccessful events. During sexual activity, they also present more frequent negative thoughts, and emotions. Results from American and Turkish studies reproduced the main differences found in the Portuguese study. Data from other sites is still being collected.
Overall, results support the central role played by cognitive and emotional variables in sexual dysfunctional processes, promoting the development of integrative conceptualizations of male and female sexual dysfunctions and suggesting cognitive treatment approaches.

Conference: WAS Sydney 2007
Areas of Interest / Categories: WAS 2007

WAS 2007

PDE5 Inhibitors: Do they have a Role in Treating Female Sexual Dysfunction?

Until recent years therapeutic approaches to female sexual dysfunction (FSD) have relied mainly on cognitive behavioural sex therapy, couple counselling and psychotherapy. The success of the phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors in the treatment of erectile dysfunction in men prompted the notion that there may be a similar role for these drugs in thetreatment of female sexual dysfunction.

Débat: la taille du pénis est-elle importante pour la femme ? (Oui) (French)

In a 2005 UCLA study, 85% of women said they were "very satisfied" with their romantic partner's size, but 45% of men responded they would prefer their penis size increased and 84% of respondents rated their penis size as average to above average. Penis size is of great concern to many people: some consider having a large penis a mark of masculinity; others are concerned that their penis is too small to satisfy their sexual partner(s).

The sexual behavior and consciousness of japanese youth: an orientation of 'pure love'

This report examines the results of The 6th National Survey of Youth Sexual Behavior. This survey has been conducted at intervals of six years since 1974 in Japan. Goals of presentation: Analyzing the data on contemporary Japanese youth’s sexual behavior and consciousness from the perspective of gender.

Development of Sexual Identity, Barriers to Intimacy, and the Promotion of Sexual Health

There are three basic ingredients of an individual's sexual health: the development of their identity, their capacity for intimacy, and an enviornment which promotes sexual health. Barriers to identity and intimacy can come from family intimacy dysfunction and unhealthy cultural environments. Self identity and self esteem are essential ingredients for the capacity of intimacy. The self is formed in the context of interpersonal relationships and the cultural milieu. The failure to develop a postive identity and capacity to intimacy leads to identity and intimacy dysfunction. Lack of self esteem,sexual identity confusion and dysphoria, sexual dysfunctions and disorders, interpersonal violence are often symptoms of identity and intimacy function.

Working with Victims of Sexual Abuse

Victims of sexual abuse have been in therapists´ focus for several decades. Over the years couples have made countless adjustments to get around feelings of shame and pain caused by sexual trauma. Sexually traumatized persons often experience no ownership to their sexuality. Without adequate treatment, many have difficulties in establishing their sexuality on their own premises, even long time after the traumatic experience has taken place.

Kamasutra - Ancient yet Modern!

Who was the writer of Kamasutra? Which place did he come from? And when did he write Kamasutra? The date is not precise. It has been proven through epigraphic, literary, historical, numismatics and archaeological evidences, that Vatsyayana, the author of Kamasutra belonged to a place called “Nagarak” from South Gujarat and wrote Kamasutra between 351 and 375 A.D.

Tuning In and Turning On: a Practical Model of Sexual Arousal for Clinical Use

Sexual arousal is the experience of becoming sexually excited or turned on. Sexual arousal is a three-step process of: 1) tuning out all non-erotic experience 2) focusing on sexually pleasurable stimulation either generated or received by the brain 3) triggering of subjective arousal (feelings of erotic pleasure) and objective (physical) changes