Advertisements in medical journals are an important strategy to improve sales of products. The pharmaceutical industry has been criticized for the quality of the advertisements especially with regards to the claims made in them and the fact that they are not evidence based. We assessed all the advertisements for medications and medical devices that appeared in four popular sexual health/medicine journals in the year 2008.
A study pro forma was constructed based on previous papers in this area of research. We independently looked at the claims made and categorized them. For the claims that had references cited, we looked at the accessibility, the validity and the quality of the studies quoted. We identified a total of 37 advertisements amounting to 88 pages of advertising space. It included 31 advertisements for medications and six for medical devices. There were 10 unique advertisements noted. Only 38% of the claims had a reference quoted, out of which only one reference was accessible. Advertisements had a poor evidence base to the claims they made. The quality of the references and the limited access to the cited references continues to be a problem. Clinicians should not accept the findings that are cited in advertisements at face value.
About 10-15 % of adults have the experience of not getting pregnant, when they have a wish to have a child. For some, this life situation is resolved spontaneously. Some undergo investigation, followed by varying treatments, resulting in a child, some adopt, and for others this situation is permanent, and without a solution. When this is the case, existential questions often arise. Earlier studies show that couples who become parent after IVF-treatment are just as content, or more, with their relationships and sexuality compared to parent who conceived spontaneously. Little is known about the couples who continue their relation without a child. Clinical experiences are that many women and men struggle with questions concerning the meaning of sexuality.
In the framework of the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies (CSBR) experience to promote sexual, bodily and reproductive health and rights, this paper will explore women's approach to sexuality, sexual health, sexual rights, and sexual pleasure based on the experience of the Human Rights Education Program for Women (HREP) in Turkey, implemented in 42 cities. The paper will contexualize sexual health and rights in Muslim societies through a human rights approach, drawn on experiences of grassroots movement for women in Turkey, in a context where efforts to promote SRHR contend with patriarchal norms and taboos around sexuality.
Legal education in rural India which circumscribes rights of women with special focus on reproductive rights, rape laws, female feticide, domestic violence, child marriage etc. has played a pivotal role in translating these rights into practice. This has been possible through innovative legal education drives which have identified a set of para-legal women who act as reservoirs of knowledge and are adequately equipped to handle instances of violation of such rights.
It is commonly accepted that sex education should start at early age. Most teachers hold positive attitudes towards programs on sex education, but some surveys showed a discrepancy between overt attitudes towards sex education and willingness to practice this as part of the professional duty.
In many school settings, adolescent sexuality has been discussed largely in terms of sexual behaviour and risk. Little attention has been given to the positive aspects of sexuality and sexual expression. This study sought to explore how key stakeholders in three secondary schools in the UK understand youth sexual behaviours.
Does circumcision reduce the risk of HIV transmission? Relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection based on randomized, controlled intervention trial in three
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent