History of school-based sexuality education and its effects in Japan

History of school-based sexuality education and its effects in Japan

2012-01-01 00:00:00

The purpose of this study is to overview school-based sexuality education in Japan and figure out its characteristics and examine the effects of sexuality education in terms of contraception and the gender-related attitudes among adolescents.

  1. Nationwide questionnaire survey conducted every six years since 1974.
  2. Complementary surveys, which are the classroom observations and interviews to teachers and practitioners in 2005 and a questionnaire survey to university students in 2008

Results:

  1. School-based sexuality education in Japan has been expanding during three decades in terms of the educational contents. It is mostly in the context of Health education, STI prevention and/or moral education. It means there is little gender perspective.
  2. Sexuality education in Japan had little effects on actualizing contraceptive practice for now, while more students who received relatively more fulfilling sexuality education than students who did not receive it perceived that sexuality education was useful for them. The rates of adolescents who use condoms properly had no significant difference by the knowledge of contraception and the experience of sexuality education at schools.
  3. It had also little effects on gender related attitudes and notions, e.g. masculinities and femininities, myth of male sexual desire and gender roles.
    School-based sexuality education in Japan has lots of issues and tasks to be challenged. Teachers feel that sexuality education all together in the classroom is difficult because the sexual interest and development are varied between individuals. Further practical research is necessary.
Conference: WAS Goteberg 2009
Areas of Interest / Categories: WAS 2009
Play
My List

WAS 2009

Infertile couples who undergo treatment: experiences of the consequences on sexuality

About 10-15 % of adults have the experience of not getting pregnant, when they have a wish to have a child. For some, this life situation is resolved spontaneously. Some undergo investigation, followed by varying treatments, resulting in a child, some adopt, and for others this situation is permanent, and without a solution. When this is the case, existential questions often arise. Earlier studies show that couples who become parent after IVF-treatment are just as content, or more, with their relationships and sexuality compared to parent who conceived spontaneously. Little is known about the couples who continue their relation without a child. Clinical experiences are that many women and men struggle with questions concerning the meaning of sexuality.

Non formal sexual rights education and sexual pleasure: experiences from a grassroots training program in Turkey

In the framework of the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies (CSBR) experience to promote sexual, bodily and reproductive health and rights, this paper will explore women's approach to sexuality, sexual health, sexual rights, and sexual pleasure based on the experience of the Human Rights Education Program for Women (HREP) in Turkey, implemented in 42 cities. The paper will contexualize sexual health and rights in Muslim societies through a human rights approach, drawn on experiences of grassroots movement for women in Turkey, in a context where efforts to promote SRHR contend with patriarchal norms and taboos around sexuality. 

Furthering reproductive rights of women in rural India & the impediments

Legal education in rural India which circumscribes rights of women with special focus on reproductive rights, rape laws, female feticide, domestic violence, child marriage etc. has played a pivotal role in translating these rights into practice. This has been possible through innovative legal education drives which have identified a set of para-legal women who act as reservoirs of knowledge and are adequately equipped to handle instances of violation of such rights.

Awareness, knowledge and willingness to deal with sexual education among students in academic colleges of education in Israel

Awareness, knowledge and willingness to deal with sexual education among students in academic colleges of education in Israel

It is commonly accepted that sex education should start at early age. Most teachers hold positive attitudes towards programs on sex education, but some surveys showed a discrepancy between overt attitudes towards sex education and willingness to practice this as part of the professional duty.

A comparative analysis of understandings of sexual behaviour among key stakeholders in UK secondary schools

A comparative analysis of understandings of sexual behaviour among key stakeholders in UK secondary schools

In many school settings, adolescent sexuality has been discussed largely in terms of sexual behaviour and risk. Little attention has been given to the positive aspects of sexuality and sexual expression. This study sought to explore how key stakeholders in three secondary schools in the UK understand youth sexual behaviours. 

The African studies on the impact of circumcision on HIV

Does circumcision reduce the risk of HIV transmission? Relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection based on randomized, controlled intervention trial in three

Sexuality and LUTS: an Asian perspective