Pakistan is a nation of Youth – 60 percent of 168 million people are below 24 years of age. World Population Foundation has been implementing sexuality education (Life Skill Based Education) in Pakistan for last 5 years. It is one of the unique interventions on Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights for school going adolescents. In-spite of a conservative society, WPF has successfully developed Sexuality Education Programme through an ‘inclusive and culturally appropriate approach’ where as similar programmes in secular societies have faced severe resistance. About 70,000 adolescents in 11 districts have completed the sexuality education curriculum (50 percent girls).
Sustainability is built-in into the programme through meaningful participation of governments, partner NGOs, schools, religious leaders and community and volunteer teachers. The Impact Assessment of programme has shown significant change in the behaviors of students. Developing and implementing sexuality curriculum in Pakistan was not an easy process, firstly sexuality particularly of young people and women is considered a taboo and purely a private affair. Secondly, the government faces immense pressure from religious political parties. Thirdly, academics feel that national curriculum is already ‘too much’ for an academic year of only 140 days. WPF’s participatory, conscious, empowering, and efficient, community based and result oriented approach yielded positive results and demand for programme is gradually increasing. As a result of evidence based advocacy Government has adopted LSBE curriculum for secondary schools and initiated process for teachers training and its integration in the national curriculum.
About 10-15 % of adults have the experience of not getting pregnant, when they have a wish to have a child. For some, this life situation is resolved spontaneously. Some undergo investigation, followed by varying treatments, resulting in a child, some adopt, and for others this situation is permanent, and without a solution. When this is the case, existential questions often arise. Earlier studies show that couples who become parent after IVF-treatment are just as content, or more, with their relationships and sexuality compared to parent who conceived spontaneously. Little is known about the couples who continue their relation without a child. Clinical experiences are that many women and men struggle with questions concerning the meaning of sexuality.
In the framework of the Coalition for Sexual and Bodily Rights in Muslim Societies (CSBR) experience to promote sexual, bodily and reproductive health and rights, this paper will explore women's approach to sexuality, sexual health, sexual rights, and sexual pleasure based on the experience of the Human Rights Education Program for Women (HREP) in Turkey, implemented in 42 cities. The paper will contexualize sexual health and rights in Muslim societies through a human rights approach, drawn on experiences of grassroots movement for women in Turkey, in a context where efforts to promote SRHR contend with patriarchal norms and taboos around sexuality.
Legal education in rural India which circumscribes rights of women with special focus on reproductive rights, rape laws, female feticide, domestic violence, child marriage etc. has played a pivotal role in translating these rights into practice. This has been possible through innovative legal education drives which have identified a set of para-legal women who act as reservoirs of knowledge and are adequately equipped to handle instances of violation of such rights.
It is commonly accepted that sex education should start at early age. Most teachers hold positive attitudes towards programs on sex education, but some surveys showed a discrepancy between overt attitudes towards sex education and willingness to practice this as part of the professional duty.
In many school settings, adolescent sexuality has been discussed largely in terms of sexual behaviour and risk. Little attention has been given to the positive aspects of sexuality and sexual expression. This study sought to explore how key stakeholders in three secondary schools in the UK understand youth sexual behaviours.
Does circumcision reduce the risk of HIV transmission? Relationship between male circumcision and HIV infection based on randomized, controlled intervention trial in three
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