Papua New Guinea is a diverse country with a population of 6 million people speaking more than 800 languages. It also has more than 90% of all reported cases of HIV in Oceania. The ‘Acceptability of Male Circumcision for HIV Prevention in PNG’ study is documenting diverse penile cutting practices in 4 locations where people from across the country gather to study and/or work (two university sites in large urban centres, a remote mountain gold mine and coastal oil palm plantation).
Penile cutting varies across the many people groups in Papua New Guinea. This ranges from traditional cutting or removing of the foreskin in childhood/puberty to medical circumcision in infancy introduced by Christian missionaries. Over the past two decades teenage boys and young men from traditionally non-circumcising groups have increasingly engaged in penile cutting. The majority of penile cuts are a longitudinal cut of the foreskin, or some variation of the longitudinal cut.
This presentation outlines the reasons study participants – from across the four study sites – gave for having their foreskin cut. Reasons are both historical and contemporary and include: being a part of custom/tradition; cleanliness; peer influence; to increase the size of the penis; avoid STI; increase sexual pleasure; prolong sexual intercourse; perceived increase in female sexual pleasure.
Any potential male circumcision for HIV Prevention programs in Papua New Guinea need to take into account the wide range of traditional and contemporary penile cutting practices, and the reasons these cuts are being done.
Sexually traumatized patients often have problems with flashbacks, nightmares and avoidance. This workshop teaches an integrated method for trauma relief, combining knowledge from NLP, psycho dynamic therapy, cognitive therapy and modern trauma research. The method is based on the human memory storing system, which functions in the same way in all human beings. This means that the method easily can be used cross-culturally and for all gender combinations.
To explore how sexual health and sexual ethics are represented in the Bible and how these are relevant to the 21st century. God created humans as physical and relational beings. Sexuality is a good, healthy element of that created physical relatedness, with three functions: relational bonding; mutual pleasure; and procreation. The biblical pattern for sexual expression which best accords with these functions is heterosexual monogamy.
How should the Public Health Model be applied so it really contributes to improved sexual health for all? Public Health recognizes three levels of prevention - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Primary prevention involves prevention of the disease or injury itself, Fluoride, Immunization, Education to avoid smoking and substance abuse. Secondary prevention blocks the progression of an injury or disease from an impairment to a disability. An impairment has already occurred, but disability may be prevented through early intervention.
The UK has among the highest teenage pregnancy and STI rates in Western Europe and strategies to reduce these outcomes have a high priority. This paper seeks to draw lessons from the rigorous evaluations of three sexual health initiatives: SHARE (a cluster randomised trial (CRT) of teacher-delivered sex education), RIPPLE (CRT of peer-delivered school sex education) and Healthy Respect Phase 2 (a quasi-experimental study of a multi-component Scottish national sexual health demonstration project encompassing youth friendly sexual health drop-ins, social marketing, branding, a parenting component and SHARE).
This symposium will focus on presentation of the results and discussion of a ground-breaking study into the cost and cost-effectiveness of sexuality education (SE) in six countries, commissioned by UNESCO in 2010. Why an economic analysis? Policy-makers all over the world, involved in decisions on school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes, are facing three important economic questions: what are the costs of developing the programmes, what are the costs of implementing and scaling up the programmes, and do the programmes provide value for money?
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent