HIV is frequently transmitted in the context of partners in a committed relationship, with a rate of transmission among discordant couples 5 to 17 times higher than incidence rate among HIV concordant negative couples. The aim of this contribution is to review the literature in order to investigate the role that couple psychosexual counseling may have as a HIV prevention strategy and as a tool to enhance the relational and psychological wellbeing of serodiscordant couples.
The paper provides a theoretical contribution to HIV prevention interventions. The Authors have consulted the main scientific search engines such as Medline and PsychInfo, taking into account recent publications from 2000 to 2010. Literature analysis underlines the efficacy of couple psychosexual counseling in HIV prevention. As knowledge is not sufficient to stop risky behaviour, couple counseling should address the dynamic and interactional forces within dyads that contribute to sexual risks (such as gender roles, communication styles and quality of relationship).
There is a growing consensus that HIV prevention should address couples as a unit of behavior change. This kind of intervention represents an effective HIV prevention strategy but it could also be an optimal tool to enhance the relational and psychological wellbeing of serodiscordant couples.
REFERENCES: Burton, J., Darbes, L. A., Operario, D., (2010). Couple-Focused Behavioral Interventions for Prevention of HIV: Systematic Review of the State of Evidence. AIDS Behav, 14:1-10.
Harman, J. J., Amico, K. R., (2009) The relationship-oriented information-motivation-behavioral skills model: a multilevel structural equation model among dyads. AIDS Behav, 13:173-184.
Sexually traumatized patients often have problems with flashbacks, nightmares and avoidance. This workshop teaches an integrated method for trauma relief, combining knowledge from NLP, psycho dynamic therapy, cognitive therapy and modern trauma research. The method is based on the human memory storing system, which functions in the same way in all human beings. This means that the method easily can be used cross-culturally and for all gender combinations.
To explore how sexual health and sexual ethics are represented in the Bible and how these are relevant to the 21st century. God created humans as physical and relational beings. Sexuality is a good, healthy element of that created physical relatedness, with three functions: relational bonding; mutual pleasure; and procreation. The biblical pattern for sexual expression which best accords with these functions is heterosexual monogamy.
How should the Public Health Model be applied so it really contributes to improved sexual health for all? Public Health recognizes three levels of prevention - Primary, Secondary and Tertiary. Primary prevention involves prevention of the disease or injury itself, Fluoride, Immunization, Education to avoid smoking and substance abuse. Secondary prevention blocks the progression of an injury or disease from an impairment to a disability. An impairment has already occurred, but disability may be prevented through early intervention.
The UK has among the highest teenage pregnancy and STI rates in Western Europe and strategies to reduce these outcomes have a high priority. This paper seeks to draw lessons from the rigorous evaluations of three sexual health initiatives: SHARE (a cluster randomised trial (CRT) of teacher-delivered sex education), RIPPLE (CRT of peer-delivered school sex education) and Healthy Respect Phase 2 (a quasi-experimental study of a multi-component Scottish national sexual health demonstration project encompassing youth friendly sexual health drop-ins, social marketing, branding, a parenting component and SHARE).
This symposium will focus on presentation of the results and discussion of a ground-breaking study into the cost and cost-effectiveness of sexuality education (SE) in six countries, commissioned by UNESCO in 2010. Why an economic analysis? Policy-makers all over the world, involved in decisions on school-based sexuality education (SE) programmes, are facing three important economic questions: what are the costs of developing the programmes, what are the costs of implementing and scaling up the programmes, and do the programmes provide value for money?
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent