Adolescence is a stage of the human development that, according to The WHO, lies between the ages of 10 and 20 years. It’s a moment of transformation where the individual is no longer a child, but not yet an adult. Adolescence has been a major focus of various researches, especially after the seventies. The ambivalence, curiosity, unpredictability and thirst to live new emotions, are personality characteristics commonly related to the adolescent.
In the first phase of adolescence, which ranges from the age of 10 to 14, the main curiosity is directed to their bodily changes and transformations. In the second phase, the curiosity of adolescents consists in exploring this new body, so that the majority of Brazilian and worldwide research results indicate that the average beginning of sexual life comes at the age of 15 or 16 years old. Unfortunately, despite numerous attempts in the field of sex education, the effective participation of the school or the family in sexual education is non-existent, which leads to the exercise of premature and risky sexual behavior. Teenagers are potential victims of sexual abuse and violence, this is related not only to their unpreparedness and curiosity, but to the fact that they might end up involved with unscrupulous people that lure them with promises of financial gain, blackmail or status.
The professionals responsible for the health of adolescents know that the most frequent issues brought by adolescents are related to the lack of knowledge about sexual and reproductive health. This leads to fear regarding: sexual intercourse, sexual diseases, parental confiicts and unexpected pregnancies, but, at the same time, this lack of knowledge also contributes to the belief of invulnerability (magical thinking). Considering specifically the sexual complaints and issues brought to the clinic; questions about their own sexual orientation are very frequent, and much of this particular issue comes mostly from the parents rather than from the adolescents themselves. Lastly, regarding the field of sexual dysfunction, the most prevalent sexual problem is premature ejaculation in men, which is typical of anxiety and fear of performance. As for women, anorgasmia is the most frequent sexual problem, and it is related to ignorance of their own body’s physiological responses as much as shame in the communication with the partner, leading to a sexual inadequacy of the couple and other long-term sexual difficulties. As we know, sex is reinforced by the sex itself, and if the beginning of the sexual life is not satisfactory it may jeopardize the whole sexual performance for life.
As a psychology and medicine student in the sixties and early seventies I realized that sexology was missing in the education and training curriculum for most health professionals. This concern encouraged me to ask my own department and the University of Gothenburg to modify the current curricula making sexology a compulsory subject in the academic training for physicians and psychologists in the first place.
The psychotherapy section of the WPATH Standards of Care for the Health of Transsexual, Transgender and Gender nonconforming People (SOC) is the most obvious component of the SOC that has to do with “heart”, the theme of this conference. Psychotherapy, to be good, requires empathy and imagination, connection and relatedness, and listening to story.
The LET'S TALK ABOUT SEX foundation coordinated an educational project ahead of the Euro 2012 Football Championship in Poland. This preventative and educational program
The medical sexology can be a significant domain for clinical Psychiatry. It is crucial to stress the importance of evaluating sexual life in the clinical global assessment of psychiatric patients/clients: Diagnoses, treatment and quality of their sexual life’s. It is stressed the sexological approach done by the psychiatrists or psychologists in the medical or surgical team in Liaison Psychiatry inside the general hospital.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent