This presentation will give an overview of mental health problems and associated factors reported by participants in the First Australian National Trans Mental Health Study. Trans people are an underresearched population which experiences significant health disparity. We aimed to determine the prevalence of mental health problems in trans people living in Australia, and the factors associated with their poor mental health.
The study was a mixed-methods, cross-sectional survey of 946 self-identified trans people aged ≥18 years living in Australia. Data collection was conducted between August-December 2013 (inclusive). A range of non-probability sampling techniques was used to recruit participants because random sampling methods are impractical with this population. Data were collected with an anonymous internet-based questionnaire hosted by Survey Monkey. It included validated screening instruments, demographic items and items assessing whether mental health problems had been previously diagnosed and treated. A number of qualitative questions were also included. The questionnaire took approximately 40 minutes to complete.
The study found that trans people experienced very high levels of mental health problems (particularly depression and anxiety syndromes) compared with the population norms. At the time they completed the questionnaire, 43.7% of the sample were currently experiencing clinically relevant depressive symptoms; 28.8% met the criteria for a current major depressive syndrome; 5.4% for another depressive syndrome; 18.3% for a panic syndrome; and 16.9% for another anxiety syndrome. These data, along with other characteristics of the sample will be presented to expand the knowledge base of this population in Australia.
These results reflect an urgent need to address the health disparity in this population. Priorities for action include improving access to health care, reforming legislation and procedures to change legal sex, and anti-discrimination measures.
The concept of gender dysphoria is a subject of intense controversy and debate. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbid disorders and sexual behavior of 84 gender dysphoric (gender identity disorder) persons, diagnosed according to DSM-5 and divided into 54 female-to-male (FTM) and 30 male-tofemale (MTF).
Objective: Through this research on the sexual life of wrinkly and elderly women in China, we hope to understand the status of sexual health of the aged Chinese women.
Introduction and objectives: Homosexuality has been considered a mental health disorder and this pathological view was challenged four decades ago culminating in diagnostic systems (the ICD and DSM) regarding it as an alternative lifestyle rather than a pathological state. Homosexual individuals are prone to psychological distress, which may manifest as depression and suicidal ideation. This has been attributed to the lingering discrimination homosexual individuals are exposed to. There is a dearth of information in Nigeria with regards to this topic and this work is an attempt to fill this gap. The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in homosexual students and heterosexual controls in a Nigerian university.
An audit of Western Australian universities found pre-service teachers have limited opportunity to study health-related courses (termed units in Australia), and when they are offered there is often little focus on Sexuality and Relationships Education (SRE). Curtin University has recently established an undergraduate course for Bachelor of Education students, which focuses solely on the delivery of evidence-based SRE.
Mandatory sexual education in Mexican elementary schools still faces parents’ opposition under the arguments that their children are not old enough to be exposed to the subject. Through their own children’s drawings, this research proved to parents that their children had already been exposed to great extent of sexual information that needs scientific and correct guidance. The main objective of this exploratory study was to assess, through children’s drawings, their views about pregnancy at an early age and use the results to promote, among the parents, the acceptance of sexual education programs at the schools.
With the development of internet, cell phones and SNS, the new media has provided a huge opportunity for China to carry out sexual health education activities. We hope to use all these new media to promote Chinese sexual health.
This presentation, "Responding to the needs of consumers with complex trauma histories a consumer perspective" focuses on the needs of adult survivors of child abuse, highlighting the frequent