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Fostering Gender and Critical Thinking Content of School-Based Sexuality Education for Advancing Sexual Health and Rights

Fostering Gender and Critical Thinking Content of School-Based Sexuality Education for Advancing Sexual Health and Rights

A recent nationally representative survey in Nigeria shows that sexual and reproductive health challenges such as sexually transmitted infections, unintended pregnancies and sexual abuse remain widely prevalent. As in other parts of the world, indicators of sexual health and rights are rooted in social values, which in the case of Nigeria, are largely patriarchal. Recent studies have shown that emphasising gender alongside management of power dynamics, and knowledge of rights in programmes aimed at effecting change reduces negative reproductive health outcomes. This is because this approach addresses the value system that underlies the problem of poor reproductive health and rights outcomes.

This study, presents baseline findings that suggest that learners are still raised in a value system that approves of gender inequality in human rights and participation in decision-making in the domestic sphere; and approve of traditional gender roles. An explanation for these observations is the general tendency in participants’ actions to derive more from tradition than rationality. This is the basis for a revision of the handbook for the Family Life and HIV Education (FLHE) (school-based Sexuality Education in Nigeria) that seeks to strengthen gender contents and build critical thinking capacity. This study seeks to document evidence of traditional values in students exposed to FLHE in schools in Lagos state.

Methods: The study employed mixed methods, involving focus groups, in-depth interviews and knowledge and attitude assessment survey

Results: This study, presents baseline findings that suggest that learners are still raised in a value system that approves of gender inequality in human rights and participation in decision-making in the domestic sphere; and approve of traditional gender roles. An explanation for these observations is the general tendency in participants’ actions to derive more from tradition than rationality.

Conclusion: This is the basis for a revision of the handbook – FLHE – school-based sexuality education in Nigeria, which seeks to strengthen gender contents and build critical thinking capacity. The project anticipates more positive views on gender equality and greater critical thinking capacity, to the end that more favourable sexual health and rights outcomes will be observed in the future.

Areas of Interest / Categories: WAS 2015

WAS 2015

How to Avoid Professional Sexual Misconduct: Sexual Attraction in Psychotherapeutic Relationships

WHO and the boy in the dress: Gender incongruence of childhood, and hypocrisy

World Health Organization’s Diagnostic Manual, the International Classification of Diseases (ICD), is being revised, with ICD-11 currently due for approval in 2017. A WHO-appointed working group, of which the presenter is a member, has proposed a range of diagnostic reforms in the area of sexual disorders and sexual health. They are now being field-tested.

Analysis of all gender dysphoria persons attending Sta Maria university hospital gender unit

The concept of gender dysphoria is a subject of intense controversy and debate. Objectives: The aim of this study is to assess demographic and clinical characteristics, comorbid disorders and sexual behavior of 84 gender dysphoric (gender identity disorder) persons, diagnosed according to DSM-5 and divided into 54 female-to-male (FTM) and 30 male-tofemale (MTF).

A controlled study of depression and suicidal ideation among homosexual students in Nigeria

Introduction and objectives: Homosexuality has been considered a mental health disorder and this pathological view was challenged four decades ago culminating in diagnostic systems (the ICD and DSM) regarding it as an alternative lifestyle rather than a pathological state. Homosexual individuals are prone to psychological distress, which may manifest as depression and suicidal ideation. This has been attributed to the lingering discrimination homosexual individuals are exposed to. There is a dearth of information in Nigeria with regards to this topic and this work is an attempt to fill this gap. The objectives of this study were to determine and compare the prevalence of depression and suicidal ideation in homosexual students and heterosexual controls in a Nigerian university.

The survey of sexual health for wrinkly and elderly women in China

Objective: Through this research on the sexual life of wrinkly and elderly women in China, we hope to understand the status of sexual health of the aged Chinese women.

We know more than what you think: Parents' understanding, through their children’s drawing, the importance of sexual education

Mandatory sexual education in Mexican elementary schools still faces parents’ opposition under the arguments that their children are not old enough to be exposed to the subject. Through their own children’s drawings, this research proved to parents that their children had already been exposed to great extent of sexual information that needs scientific and correct guidance. The main objective of this exploratory study was to assess, through children’s drawings, their views about pregnancy at an early age and use the results to promote, among the parents, the acceptance of sexual education programs at the schools.

Engaging, practical and empowering: Sexuality and relationships education at Curtin University, Australia that supports pre-service teachers

An audit of Western Australian universities found pre-service teachers have limited opportunity to study health-related courses (termed units in Australia), and when they are offered there is often little focus on Sexuality and Relationships Education (SRE). Curtin University has recently established an undergraduate course for Bachelor of Education students, which focuses solely on the delivery of evidence-based SRE.