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The Analysis of Psycho-Social Problems that People with HIV/AIDS Experienced after HAART in Japan

The Analysis of Psycho-Social Problems that People with HIV/AIDS Experienced after HAART in Japan

Methods: The questionnaires were distributed to 509 PWH/A receiving treatment of 27 hospitals all over Japan to ask about the experience of 23 psycho-social problems, the coping strategy to the problems and its solution. 303 questionnaires were returned or collected.

Results: 93.7% experienced “psychological shock of HIV diagnosis”. Approximately 80% had the experience to suffer from the problems related to the relationship with families and others (“notification of HIV status to families” 83.5% and “hiding HIV status to others” 78.2%). Approximately 80% experienced the problems related to the condition and treatment (“anxiety to a condition change” 80.9% and “taking Anti-HIV medicine” 79.2%). 77.7% experienced “worrying about the future life” and 71.0% suffered from “the problems related to the sexual relationship”.

Although the problems related to condition and treatment showed the high rate of solution, “hiding HIV status to others”, “worrying about the future life” and “the problems related to the sexual relationship” showed the low rate for solution. About the coping strategy, “the response of working on problem solving actively” significantly correlated to the solution of realistic problems in social life and “the response of seeking other’s psychological support” significantly correlated to the solution of the problem related to relationship with families and others.

Conclusions: After HAART, the problem of living through a long life with HIV/AIDS including the sexual relationship became the most significant and serious concern of PWH/A in Japan. The support for responding to and solving these problems is needed to help PWH/A carry on with their normal lives.

Speakers: Kyoko Yamanaka
Areas of Interest / Categories: WAS 2015

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